Diagnostic quality and complications of hysterosalpingography
: oil-verses water-soluble contrast media- a randomised prospective study.
Ekangaki, "Transcervical intrauterine topical local anesthetic at hysterosalpingography
: a prospective, randomized, double blind, placebo-controlled trial," Fertility and Sterility, vol.
If the fallopian tubes were found blocked on laparoscopy, hysterosalpingography
(HSG) was done to look for the site of tubal blockage and intra-uterine pathology.
Thirty patients underwent hysterosalpingography
for evaluation of tubal patency.
Plus, they report on study results that suggest one particular contrast medium with hysterosalpingography
may be better than another for improving pregnancy rates.
As a further examination of infertility, hysterosalpingography
was done in January 2016, which showed a unicornuate uterus (left) with an obstructed unilateral fallopian tube.
Objective: We aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of placebo, oral opioid analgesic (OOA), intravenous opioid analgesic (IOA), non-opioid analgesic (NOA), topical anesthetic (TA) and locally injected anesthetic (LIA) for pain relief during hysterosalpingography
(HSG) using a Bayesian network meta-analysis of data from randomized controlled trials.
These studies aimed at just finding a relation or an association between abnormal uterine cavity findings and endometriosis and they did not recommend a particular diagnostic tool but, on the other hand, they used 2D ultrasonography, hysterosalpingography
, and hysteroscopy without showing which of these methods was superior to the others.
The recent evolution of diagnostic imaging techniques, such as transvaginal sonography (TVS), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and hysterosalpingography
(HSG), has contributed to improving accuracy in the identification of this pathology, with an increasing number of cases described in adolescents and young adult women with untreatable dysmenorrhea [8, 10].
The object of the research included 103 women from all regions of the Kyrgyz Republic in their reproductive age and with TPFB diagnosis confirmed with clinical findings, such as ultrasound examination of pelvic organs, hysterosalpingography
, and diagnostic laparoscopy with the consent of each subject.
Risk factors for PID are multiple sexual partners, single status, lower socioeconomic status, young age (<30 years), intra uterine contraceptive device, endometrial biopsy, curettage, hysteroscopy and hysterosalpingography
Keywords: Endometriosis Fibroid Hysterosalpingography
Infertility Laparoscopy Polycystic ovarian disease.