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in a Russian Orthodox church, a partition with icons that divides the main part of the interior from the altar. Previously, the interior was divided by a low altar fence with icons placed above it. The iconostasis has been known in its most developed form (high iconostasis) since the beginning of the 15th century. An example is the iconostasis of the Blagovesh-chenskii Cathedral (the Kremlin, Moscow, 1405; with icons by Theophanes the Greek, Andrei Rublev, and Prokhor from Goro-dets).

A strict religious hierarchy of subjects determines the overall composition of an iconostasis. At the bottom is a row of local icons. Above them are the Deesis register, the festivals register, and the prophets register. This hierarchy is emphasized by the height of each row and the proportions of the individual icons. The rhythm, color structure, and symmetrical arrangement of the icons also are expressions of the hierarchical composition.

The paintings of an iconostasis and the wooden frame with gilded fretwork, which was particularly magnificent in the 17th century, form an artistic whole. Several iconostases of the 18th and early 19th century were constructed in the form of triumphal arches with wooden statues and served as exultant entrances to the altar (for example, the iconostasis of the Cathedral of St. Peter and St. Paul in Leningrad, wood, 1722–27; engraving by T. Ivanov and I. Telega, based on a drawing by I. Zarudnyi).


Drevnerusskoe iskusstvo. Moscow, 1970. Pages 29–72.
Lazarev, V. N. Russkaia srednevekovaia zhivopis’. Moscow, 1970. Pages128–39.


A screen in a Greek Orthodox church, on which icons are placed, separating the chancel from the space open to the laity.
References in periodicals archive ?
The most important of these was the provision of an Iconostasis and Icons for the Iconostasis and for the Church.
The sanctum sanctorum is accessed by ascending three marble stairs, and a raised marble iconostasis extends across the width of the church, housing nine large door icons in the bottom part and 35 medium-sized icons in the upper part.
Orthodox churches will often have an icon of Saint John the Baptist in a place of honor on the iconostasis, and he is frequently mentioned during the Divine Services.
The church contained a large collection of holy relics and featured, among other things, a 15-metre (49 ft) silver iconostasis.
Shouting "Virgin Mary, become a feminist," on February 21, 2012, several Pussy Riot members, their faces masked by balaclavas, mounted the platform in front of the iconostasis at the Cathedral of Christ the Savior.
But the worshippers fixed their eyes instead on an older kind of screen: a 24-foot-high, hand-carved Hungarian iconostasis, made of wood and gold, displaying recently restored icons.
The monastery's old iconostasis was also restored as part of a restoration site, under the coordination of an expert restorer between 2008 and 2010, with the purpose of keeping the integrity of the entire ensemble.
For example, the gold-plated carved iconostasis was made by the sculptor Dimitrije Petrovic, while the icons on the iconostasis, thrones, choirs and pulpits, as well as those on the walls and arches were painted by Dimitrije Avramovic, one of the most distinguished Serbian painters of the 19th century.
The iconostasis makes 'windows' in it, through which one can see what takes place beyond it--'the living witnesses of God.
He is the author of Olha Kobylianska: Interpretations (2008) and Canon and Iconostasis (1997), as well as numerous articles and chapters on modern and contemporary Ukrainian literature.
An iconostasis from the sixteenth century, a bishop's throne and pulpit intricately worked in gold leaf from the eighteenth century, and gravestones from the nineteenth century make it clear that Orthodox Christianity was practiced openly throughout the Ottoman period.
This grouping is important because the four central windows contain images of iconic medieval Hungarian royal saints and my contention is that the panels, when taken together with those above and below them, as well as the location of the window ensemble, can be perceived to act as a lay form of iconostasis.