Althusser's concept of the ideological state apparatus
The above thus reveals how the concept of ideological practice and its evolution intersects with Althusser's understanding of Maoism and China, which logically leads to further discussions on Althusser's concept of the "Ideological State Apparatus
." Althusser writes, "An ideology always exists in an apparatus, and its practice, or practices.
Instead, it narrates those things 'fancifully' that remain unimaginable because of our habit of succumbing to narratives we inherit from the ideological state apparatus
(education, religion, family, etc).
(6) The "ideological state apparatus
" (ISA), on the other hand, is made up of private institutions like the religious ISA, educational ISA, family ISA, and others, and gains power primarily through ideology propagation.
On individuals and ideology I would like to open a parenthesis and specifically refer to Louis Althusser's 1970 essay on "Ideology and Ideological State Apparatus
." (7) Discussing the relation between State and individuals, Althusser is asking--like Rossellini--why are individuals obedient, why do people follow the laws and obey.
Writing in a Marxist frame, Stuart Hall drew on both Althusser and Gramsci for his analysis--the conceptual richness of the theory of ideology and the ideological state apparatus
, as well as Gramsci's notion of hegemony, and the role of the 'national-popular'.
In this paper I demonstrate that television as an ideological state apparatus
(Althusser, 1971) shapes opinions through employing ideology which tacitly interpellates individuals in a particular way according to culture, space, age, and academic exposure.
The mass media, as a powerful "ideological state apparatus
," plays a crucial role in (re)creating and promulgating this neoliberal ideological figure through an incessant display of his hypermasculinity.
Quan Manh Ha's article offers an analysis of what Louis Althusser would have described as the product of the Publishing and Distribution Ideological State Apparatus
and what E.
Althusser says of Christianity, in "Ideology and Ideological State Apparatuses," that, during the medieval era, "there was one dominant Ideological State Apparatus
, the Church, which concentrated within it not only religious functions, but also educational ones, and a large portion of the functions of communications and 'culture'" (151, emphasis in original).
The problem remains: once a library is placed within the boundaries of a Repressive State Apparatus, it can no longer function as anything other than an Ideological State Apparatus
. The prison as industry requires all subjects within its boundaries to produce and every system, no matter how good intentioned, that enters these boundaries will be drafted into service to keep production running.
acts through what he calls an "ideological state apparatus