idiographic and nomothetic

Idiographic and nomotheticclick for a larger image
Fig. 14 Idiographic and nomothetic.

idiographic and nomothetic

divergent orientations to social enquiry (and their associated methods): an idiographic focus is on cultural and historical particulars, using methods such as ETHNOGRAPHY and biography; while a nomothetic focus seeks to establish general laws following an explicitly natural-science model of knowledge. The distinction was first conceptualized in these terms by the German neo-Kantian philosopher, WINDELBAND. In the late 19th century METHODENSTREIT, German theorists such as DILTHEY, RICKERT and Windelband debated which methods best suited particular social sciences, or whether the two methods could be combined (see Fig. 14). These concerns also influenced Max WEBER, who, like many sociologists subsequently, sought to combine both methods. See also GEISTESWISSENSCHAFTEN AND NATURWISSENSCHAFTEN, MEANINGFUL UNDERSTANDING AND EXPLANATION, IDEAL TYPE, VERSTEHEN, HERMENEUTICS. DOUBLE HERMENEUTIC.
References in periodicals archive ?
It is not the case that one approach is more correct than the other, rather, idiographic and nomothetic approaches serve different purposes.
Notable among the many themes that emerged from this discussion group were the concepts of culture and assessment and the mutually beneficial outcomes of idiographic and nomothetic approaches to career assessment.
In psychology, the popular use of the distinction between idiographic and nomothetic was widely ascribed to the personality psychologist G W Allport.