idiosyncrasy


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Related to idiosyncrasy: drug idiosyncrasy

idiosyncrasy

Med an abnormal reaction of an individual to specific foods, drugs, or other agents

Idiosyncrasy

 

a painful reaction that appears in certain persons to irritants that do not produce similar phenomena in the majority of others. The basis of idiosyncrasy is either a congenital increased sensitivity of the autonomic nervous system to particular irritants or a reaction that arises in the body as a result of the repeated weak action of certain substances that are incapable of stimulating antibody production in the body.

Idiosyncrasy differs from allergy in that it may develop even after the first contact with an intolerable irritant—for instance, simple chemical compounds that do not have the properties of allergens; such food products as fish, roe, crab, milk, eggs, and strawberries; such medications as amidopyrine, antibiotics, and sulfanilamide preparations; the pollens of certain flowers and plants; the odor of various animals; insect poisons; and such physical factors as sunstroke, chill, or trauma.

Soon after contact with the irritant, headache appears in the individual, and his temperature rises, sometimes accompanied by mental agitation, disruption of the function of the organs of digestion (nausea, vomiting, diarrhea) and respiration (dyspnea, coryza), edema of the skin and mucosa, and urticaria. These phenomena, which are caused by disruptions of blood circulation, increased permeability of the vessels, and spasms of the smooth musculature, usually pass quickly, but sometimes may continue for several days. The reaction does not produce insen-sitivity to the repeated action of the agent. Treatment requires avoidance of further contact with the intolerable irritant and lowering the body’s heightened reactivity.

U. O. OL’SHANSKII

idiosyncrasy

[‚id·ē·ə′siŋ·krə·sē]
(medicine)
A peculiarity of constitution that makes an individual react differently from most persons to drugs, diet, treatment, or other situations.
(psychology)
Any special or peculiar characteristic or temperament by which a person differs from other persons.
References in periodicals archive ?
The third section (Chapters 16-18) focuses more on the idiosyncrasy credit model, with special attention to issues of conformity and nonconformity.
That's the Latin logistics idiosyncrasy that manufacturers, shippers and others in the industry hope to change.
"My gait is no faultfinder's or rejecter's gait," he announced in "Song of Myself," and he reiterated this quintessentially open-armed (and American) philosophy in private when he said to a friend: "Allowing a place for every man's personality, idiosyncrasy [is] the keystone to the arch of my teachings." Unlike the Pentagon, Leaves of Grass, Whitman insisted, "has room for everybody."
Schmelling allows for both readings, using his privileged position as semiofficial interloper (he also worked on some of the cleanup crews) to preserve the intimate details of another's private idiosyncrasy. Sometimes his fellow employees appear, gloved and masked, but Schmelling never tells us how particular homes have been chosen for their intervention.
A product of the syncretism between modernity and Mexican idiosyncrasy, the work of Luis Barragan continues to represent an architectural manifesto for universal culture.
Like It Is is no Beautiful Thing: Writer Robert Gray lacks Jonathan Harvey's wit and instinct for idiosyncrasy. But it's studded with good performances--Christopher Hargreaves is terrific in a small role as Craig's perplexed brother--and director Paul Oremland has a feel for the bustle of the commercial music business.
In series based on signature shapes including "diamonds," "scissors," and pinched-parallelogram "geminis"--choice examples of each were on view--Zox explored the painterly issues of the day (a systematic approach, the materiality of medium and support) while maintaining a modest idiosyncrasy. Here, in the provinces of the post-painterly, one makes one's mark by leaving graphite lines visible, by recklessly yanking the masking tape off the canvas, and with a skillful palette.
Yet, far from marginalizing the work, Scarpa's idiosyncrasy continues to inspire architects who, in their own cultures and contexts, are swimming against the tide of homogenized industrial production which has dominated the twentieth century.
As she herself has put it, "We're the objects of their fantasies." Bove's presentation of "The Future of Ecstasy" is a reminder that utopian social thought inevitably orients itself toward a future in which its every kink and idiosyncrasy will become accepted wisdom.
Although the luxury and scale - the largest is Herzog and de Meuron's 20 800sq ft (1914[m.sup.2]) residence/media museum in the Napa Valley, due for completion in 2000 - as well as the programmatic idiosyncrasy of most of the examples disqualify them as models, three modest and more generally applicable projects could be profitably replicated: Michael Bell's 900sq ft (83[m.sup.2]) 'Glass House @2[degrees]', MVRDV's pair of 200[m.sup.2] row houses on an Amsterdam canal, and the 179[m.sup.2] 'Curtain Wall House' in Tokyo, 1993-95, by Shigeru Ban, based on the delightful conceit of a literal curtain, and glazed facades that 'can be opened and closed to alter the view and environmental effects such as light and wind'.
The tale, set in London--a city Poe never visited--is an Acconci-esque "Following Piece" avant la lettre: A man in a coffeehouse observes the evening crowd through the window, singles out a man due to the "absolute idiosyncrasy" of his facial expression, and follows him for twenty-four hours across the city.
She slogs through a swamp of race, history, trauma, and desire, which is hard enough, then pirouettes along a tightrope between grotesque stereotype and idiosyncrasy, which is even trickier.