[12.] Wolter, H.H., "Ignition Lag
in Diesel Engines," VDI-Forschungsheft 392:621-436, 1938.
[10.] Wolfer, H.H., Ignition lag
in diesel engines.
the ignition lag
, which is dependent on the parameters due to following formula :
Since the fuel burns at a lower temperature, it also shortens ignition lag
and allows the engine to burn more of the fuel in each cycle, increasing torque.
This may be due to the fact that with the addition of EGR the quantity of oxygen available for combustion reduces which makes incomplete combustion and also due to hot EGR the ignition lag
reduces and the amount of fuel burned in the premixed combustion zone also reduces and hence the heat release decreases.
After a couple of sighting shots wide in the ditch, I became accustomed to the very long ignition lag
and put five rounds into a 5" cluster freestanding at 30 yards.
The Electra system actually eliminates one traditional muzzle-loading component long thought to be essential--the primer--along with all the problems of ignition lag
, inconsistent burn, and additional cleaning that a primer system requires.
* Ignition lag
, flame propagation and after burning periods are very narrow, due to higher laminar flame speed of ethanol, this leads to higher PFP and higher exhaust temperature.