iguana


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iguana

(ĭgwä`nə), name for several large lizards of the family Iguanidae, found in tropical America and the Galapagos. The common iguana (Iguana iguana) is a tree-living, strictly vegetarian species found along streams from Mexico to N South America. Members of this species are 3 to 6 ft (90–180 cm) long, with the tail accounting for two-thirds of the length. They are bright green with dark stripes on the tail. A crest of spines runs from the neck to the tail. The flesh and eggs of the common iguana are valued as food. Spiny, or black, iguanas (species of Ctenosaura) are ground-living vegetarian lizards found from Baja California to Central America. The chuckwalla (Sauromalus obesus) and the desert iguana (Dipsosaurus dorsalis) are desert species of the SW United States and NW Mexico. The 16-in. long (40-cm), greenish chuckwalla is the largest U.S. lizard except for the gila monster and is known for its ability to inflate itself, making it difficult to extract from crevices. The gray-brown desert iguana is marked with dark spots and stripes; it lives in burrows made by other animals. Both feed on cactus flowers and fruits and tender desert plants. Basilisks Basiliscus (species), found along streams in tropical America, are large iguanas that can walk in an upright position; males are crested. A marine iguana (Amblyrhynchus cristatus), the only marine lizard, is found in the Galapagos Islands, where there is also a land species (Conolophus subcristatus). The large, diverse iguana family includes many smaller species not called iguanas. They are found throughout the temperate and tropical Americas, as well as in the Fiji Islands and on Madagascar. Most North American lizards belong to this family, including the collared lizards, the utas, the swifts, the so-called horned toads, or horned lizardshorned lizard
or horned toad,
broad, flat-bodied lizards of the genus Phrynosoma, found in arid regions from extreme SW Canada to Guatemala. There are several species in the United States W of the Mississippi. The body is 3 to 5 in. (7.6 to 12.
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, and the American chameleonchameleon
, small- to medium-sized lizard of the family Chamaeleonidae. More than 150 species are found in sub-Saharan Africa, with a few in S Europe and S Asia. The so-called common chameleon, Chamaeleo chamaeleon, is found around the Mediterranean.
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, or anole (not a true chameleon). Most members of the family feed on insects and other small animals as well as some plant matter. In nearly all species the females lay eggs in the ground. Iguanas are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Reptilia, order Squamata, family Iguanidae.

iguana

[i′gwän·ə]
(vertebrate zoology)
The common name for a number of species of herbivorous, arboreal reptiles in the family Iguanidae characterized by a dorsal crest of soft spines and a dewlap; there are only two species of true iguanas.

iguana

1. either of two large tropical American arboreal herbivorous lizards of the genus Iguana, esp I. iguana (common iguana), having a greyish-green body with a row of spines along the back: family Iguanidae
2. any other lizard of the tropical American family Iguanidae
3. another name for leguaan
References in periodicals archive ?
Neighborhoods resounded with the thud of iguanas dropping from trees onto patios and pool decks," Sentinel reporter David Fleshler wrote.
Segundo Mader (2006), em iguanas machos sao considerados normais para este parametros valores entre 70 a 244 mg/dL e em femeas de 105 a 258 mg/dL.
Seeds transported on the iguana snout will probably have higher recruitment success given that they germinate faster than seeds ingested.
Physical and biotic determinants of space utilization by the Galapagos Land Iguana (Conolophus pallidus).
The second iguana suffered mild trauma shortly before its abscess appeared.
Before the road construction, Red Iguana customers often had to wait in a long line to get seated.
For those who were involved in the iguana incident -- shame on you.
Because of worldwide demand for the meat, especially in Central and South America, iguanas are considered an endangered species and protected in most places by international law.
Maria Bowen, Swansea council's education officer at Plantasia, said: "The iguana had been spotted several times over last few months but she'd never been in a position where we could safely catch her.
SHE'S three foot long, can run at 30mph and is pretty hard to miss but an intrepid iguana is still on the loose at a Swansea tourist attraction.
After a Donkey Kong-style rollercoaster ride of set-ups, mergers, collapses and comebacks, the brothers are back in fine form with Iguana Entertainment, which has its offices at the Multi Media Exchange on Corporation Road, Middlesbrough.
Reproductive Parameters of Green Iguana (Iguana iguana) in Captive Conditions in Oaxaca, Mexico