ileocecal valve

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Related to Ileocaecal valve: ileocecal junction

ileocecal valve

[¦il·ē·ō¦sē·kəl ′valv]
(anatomy)
A muscular structure at the junction of the ileum and cecum which prevents reflex of the cecal contents.
References in periodicals archive ?
Caption: Figure 5: Surgical specimen after opening of the colon with appearance of tumor at the ileocaecal valve.
Because of a competent ileocaecal valve and the resultant closed loop obstruction, a perforation of the caecum had occurred accounting for the free peritoneal air on radiographs.
The most common site of impaction is the distal ileum at 50-70 cm proximal to ileocaecal valve [9].
The part played by ileocaecal valve in caecal perforation is uncertain.
A diagnosis of colonic mucocele was not made and the air fluid level in the closed loop was thought to be due to competent ileocaecal valve. On hindsight, the absence of intestinal obstruction in spite of impressive colonic dilatation in the CT scan should have raised the suspicion of an evolving colonic mucocele.
In the textbook of anatomy by Henry gray (1) the caecum is a large blind pouch lying in the right iliac fossa below the ileocaecal valve continuous proximally with the distal ileum and distally with the ascending colon
Retrograde decompression is not possible if the patient has a competent ileocaecal valve. Gas from bacterial metabolism and digestive products causes further distention.(1) Clinical signs and symptoms include abdominal pain and distention.
This diverticulum is usually found within 100cm of the ileocaecal valve on the antimesenteric border of the ileum.
Intestinal Tuberculosis: The most common site is ileocaecal region due to the presence of payer's patches and stasis of luminal contents favored by ileocaecal valve. It occurs as ulcerative and hyperplastic forms.