ileocecal valve


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ileocecal valve

[¦il·ē·ō¦sē·kəl ′valv]
(anatomy)
A muscular structure at the junction of the ileum and cecum which prevents reflex of the cecal contents.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Patients with ileocecal incompetence (78%) were found to have significantly higher gas volumes than patients who had competent ileocecal valves. We insufflated gas manually according to patient tolerance and maintained a constant colonic pressure of 25 mmHg during the procedure suggesting that patients with ileocecal reflux tolerated increased volumes of gas or had lower periprocedural intraluminal colonic pressure resulting in an increased insufflation volume.
Ileocecal valve syndrome has been associated with functional type problems, such as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) or dysbiosis.
The anastomosis is constructed distal to the ileocecal valve to minimize ileal retention of chyme with absorption of cholesterol and bile acids.
In the following histopathological examination of the ileum specimen, invaginating from the ileocecal valve into the colon, that is, in the resected 18-cm long small intestinal and 25-cm long large intestinal material, macroscopically, there was a tumoral mass localized in the terminal ileum.
It is usually located 2 feet proximal to the ileocecal valve and measures 2 inches on an average.
Ascaris worm bolus causes intra-luminal mechanical obstruction near ileocecal valve and spasticity of distal ileum by releasing endotoxins and host inflammatory reactions.
Accordingly, the patient received a double balloon enteroscopy, in which a polypoid bulge was found in the ileum 1.5 m proximal to the ileocecal valve. The bulge was wide at its base (approximately 10 x 20 mm in size) with superficial congestion, erosion, granular hyperplasia, and bleeding.
The second case involved a patient from Iran who presented with a large obstruction at the ileocecal valve [5].
For other parameters including deformity of ileocecal valve and aphthous lesions, no significant difference was found between these two groups.
We confirmed that the lesion was located 130 cm from the ileocecal valve and 50 cm from the ligament of Treitz.
We present a case of endoscopic removal of overall 4 button and 2 cylindrical batteries from the digestive system of a young woman, where a peculiar incident of a foreign body moving retrograde through ileocecal valve was observed.
The diverticulum was seen about 20 cm proximal to the ileocecal valve, arising from the anti-mesenteric border of the distal ileum.