Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Acronyms, Wikipedia.
Related to ilex: Ilex paraguariensis


1. any of various trees or shrubs of the widely distributed genus Ilex, such as the holly and inkberry: family Aquifoliaceae
2. another name for the holm oak
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(holly), a genus of plants of the family Aquifoliaceae. The trees or shrubs are evergreen or, sometimes, deciduous. The generally coriaceous leaves are spinose, toothed, crenate, serrate, or entire. The flowers are usually unisexual and four-parted; they are solitary or in few-flowered axillary inflorescences. The fruit is a drupe.

There are more than 400 species of holly, distributed in the tropics and subtropics. Some species are encountered in the temperate zones of both hemispheres. Six species, including I. col-chica and the Japanese holly (I. crenata), are grown in the USSR in the Far East and the Caucasus. Nine species, including the English holly (I. aquifolium), have been introduced to the USSR. The leaves of the Paraguay tea (I. paraguensis) are used to make the drink maté.

Hollies are cultivated for decorative purposes. They tolerate cutting well and are sometimes made into hedges.


Flora SSSR, vol. 14. Moscow-Leningrad, 1949.
Derev’ia i kustarniki SSSR, vol. 4. Moscow-Leningrad, 1958.
Hume, H. H. Hollies. New York, 1953.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Phenolics: Ilex paraguariensis has a number of active constituents, including purine alkaloids (caffeine, theobromine, and theophylline), caffeyol derivatives (caffeic acid, chlorogenic acid, 3,4-dicaffeoylquinic acid, 3,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid and 4,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid), and flavonoids (quercetin, rutin and kaempferol).
Varieties of English holly (Ilex aquifolium) can have red, orange, or yellow berries, as the sampling at right shows.
-- Completion of a $64.4 million secondary public offering of ILEX common stock in late November.
Dessa forma, o objetivo do presente trabalho foi revisar estudos sobre as propriedades nutricionais da erva-mate (Ilex paraguariensis) na saude humana.
Dave wrote the book last year after being approached by Ilex, a leading publisher of books and guides for designers and other creatives.
It will be a while before anything started off as a cutting will be large enough to shape into something substantial but I do have at my disposal a large, golden Ilex crenata, known commonly as Japanese holly.
Ilex paraguariensis is a native tree from South America, occurring in Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina and in spots in Uruguay (GRONDONA, 1954).
Ilex aquifolium Silver Queen is a male plant, for example, while Ilex altaclerensis Golden King is female.
Furthermore, it was indicated that one or more Ilex components (i.e., polyphenols and vitamins) could induce cellular defense mechanisms such as DNA protection in a similar way as alpha-tocopherol (12, 13).
Ilex guayusa Loes is a plant from the Aquifoliaceae, and it is found in tropical and subtropical regions.