Imamate


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Imamate

 

(1) One of the forms of Muslim theocracy.

(2) In the history of the peoples of the USSR, a Murid state in Dagestan and Chechia; it arose in the late 1820’s during the struggle of the peoples of the Caucasus against the colonialist policy of tsarism. It was at its height during the years of the rule of Shamil (1824—59), when it concealed its purely secular goals under the religious screen of Muridism. Its goal was to strengthen the class domination of the Dagestan and Chechen feudal lords, who led the struggle against the tsarist forces. The imamate was supported by the militarized Murids, the closest associates of the imam and the machinery of his authority in the outlying districts. By the early 1850’s, the internal crisis of the imamate deepened, and the contradictions sharpened between the naibs (the imam’s deputies) and the peasants, who were beginning to leave Shamil’s movement.

References in periodicals archive ?
The Saleh government accused Abdul-Malek's Ansarullah of trying to revive the imamate and re-establish a Zaidi theocracy similar to Iran's in north-western Yemen.
The Imamate and various approaches to it remain the center of the Shi'a doctrine (one of usul ad-din) which affects all other basic doctrinal questions of this Islamic sect, and the conflict over the nature and scope of the Imam's authority has been the reason for divisions within Shi'ism itself.
It was only in 1962 that the country's republican revolution put a sudden end to Yemen's Hashemite Imamate.
It was led by Hussein Badr ud-Din al-Houthi, a fire-brand anti-US theologian who declared an end to the Yemeni republic and proclaimed a Zaidi Imamate in its place and made himself its head, with the title of Amir al-Mu'mineen (prince of the faithful).
Nevertheless, because Valeri understands that the final years of the imamate (1955-59) included the failed Ghalib al-Hinai challenge, he opens Chapter Three, "The Founding Conflicts of the Modern National Identity," with a solid summary of the Dhuffar War (1965-70), a breeding ground for revolutionaries with mixed allegiances toward the imamate and opportunistic associations fueled by anti-monarchic forces.
An offshoot of Shiite Islam, the Zaidis are a minority in mainly Sunni Yemen but form the majority community in the north and want to re-establish the imamate overthrown in a 1962 coup.
Tuesday's sentencing comes amid continue clashes between government troops and Shi'ite Zaidi rebels who reject the legitimacy of the ruling government and demand the restoration of the Zaidi imamate overthrown in a 1962 coup.
To justify the war, they imposed on the Houthi movement a confessional characteristic, accusing the Houthis of seeking to revive the Zaydi imamate and thus undermine the republic," he wrote in AN NAHAR.
The government has accused the Houthis of trying to restore the traditional Zaidi-led imamate that largely ruled Yemen until 1962.
The rebels from the Zaidi Shiite minority are accused by the government of wanting to restore the Zaidi imamate which ruled the country until being overthrown in a republican coup in 1962 that sparked eight years of civil war.
The rebels from the Zaydi Shiite minority are accused by the government of wanting to restore the Zaydi imamate which ruled the country until being overthrown in a republican coup in 1962 that sparked eight years of civil war.
Many of the problems he faces have roots in the key events of Yemen's often violent past - in particular, the overthrow of the theocratic Zaidi Imamate by a republican coup in 1962, and the union in 1990 of North Yemen, ruled by President Ali Abdallah Saleh's People's Conference Party, with South Yemen, then ruled by the Socialist Party.