immanence


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immanence

(ĭm`ənəns) [Lat.,=dwelling in], in metaphysics, the presence within the natural world of a spiritual or cosmic principle, especially of the Deity. It is contrasted with transcendence. The immanence of God in the world is the basic feature of pantheismpantheism
[Gr. pan=all, theos=God], name used to denote any system of belief or speculation that includes the teaching "God is all, and all is God." Pantheism, in other words, identifies the universe with God or God with the universe.
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. Among the most important philosophies using the concept of immanence are StoicismStoicism
, school of philosophy founded by Zeno of Citium (in Cyprus) c.300 B.C. The first Stoics were so called because they met in the Stoa Poecile [Gr.,=painted porch], at Athens, a colonnade near the Agora, to hear their master Zeno lecture.
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 and the systems of Giordano BrunoBruno, Giordano
, 1548–1600, Italian philosopher, b. Nola. The son of a professional soldier, he entered the Dominican order early in his youth and was ordained a priest in 1572, but he was accused of heresy and fled (c.1576) to take up a career of study and travel.
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 and SpinozaSpinoza, Baruch or Benedict
, 1632–77, Dutch philosopher, b. Amsterdam. Spinoza's Life

He belonged to the community of Jews from Spain and Portugal who had fled the Inquisition.
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. In general, the great monotheistic religions have held that God is both immanent and transcendent, although individual thinkers have tended to emphasize one or the other aspect.

Immanence

 

a concept referring to one or another quality (or law) that exists within and is inherent to some object, phenomenon, or process. Materialist dialectics, for example, holds the view that opposing principles, dialectical contradictions, are immanent within all objects and phenomena.

In the history of philosophy immanence is contrasted with transcendence. As a problem in the theory of knowledge, immanence has had an important role since the time of Kant, who posed the problem of the so-called immanent use of reason, that is, of its limitations: in Kant’s view, the valid use of reason was limited in scope to the world of phenomena given in experience (as opposed to the invalid, or transcendent, use of reason, which goes beyond the bounds of possible experience). The adherents of immanentist philosophy refer to their conception by that name because in their view the object of knowledge appears as the internal content of consciousness. The term “immanent” is also used for philosophical criticism that considers a doctrine from the point of view of how consistently it adheres to its own premises.

References in periodicals archive ?
61) In both cases, what is especially propitious for philosophical thought is 'the connection of an absolute plane of immanence with a relative social milieu that also functions through immanence'.
The verses of the chapter of al-Tawhid and the first verses of the chapter of al-Hadid (23) in the Qur'an indicate the presence of an all-inclusive, all-pervading, comprehensive unity in immanence with all things.
For this reason, they condemned the notion of tashbih, or immanence.
Lang then proceeds to devote a chapter apiece to each of his six poets, briefly sketching their biographies, especially with respect to their religious upbringing and orientation, and then working through their respective publications chronologically, focusing especially on poems that highlight the issues of dualism, immanence, transcendence, spirit, matter, body, and soul.
This leads to the Christian understanding of God becoming intimately one with us in Jesus and remaining with us in perpetual immanence of the Holy Spirit.
In Heidegger, immanence becomes nothing but "the outside;" immanence comes to be immanent to nothing but itself.
Thus Ward predestines the theorists of immanence to failure; no matter what they do or say, they are elected to repeat the same old, suffocating world--a kind of nihilistic return of the same old demons, but in fancy new costumes.
They have at one and the same time freed God from bondage to the world-order by asserting the creaturehood of all that is not God, and have ensured that the statement about the immanence of God firmly excludes any possibility of man's divinization, for man too is explicitly said to be a creature of God.
He shows how the different idea of immanence can be thought of in relation to historical definitions of immanence following Spinoza.
Real cogitatio, which is immanence and affectivity, is unwittingly exchanged for the objectifiable essence of cogitatio.
Hillier seeks to redefine spatial planning and governance theory to be relevant to the complexity, dynamics and immanence of the world, as well as aiming to bridge the gap between "old" ways of spatial planning and governance and a new, Deleuzoguattarrian way of thinking.
It marginalizes the assembly, promotes an unduly exalted view of the ordained, and emphasizes the transcendence of God almost to the exclusion of his immanence.