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(ĭm`ənəns) [Lat.,=dwelling in], in metaphysics, the presence within the natural world of a spiritual or cosmic principle, especially of the Deity. It is contrasted with transcendence. The immanence of God in the world is the basic feature of pantheismpantheism
[Gr. pan=all, theos=God], name used to denote any system of belief or speculation that includes the teaching "God is all, and all is God." Pantheism, in other words, identifies the universe with God or God with the universe.
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. Among the most important philosophies using the concept of immanence are StoicismStoicism
, school of philosophy founded by Zeno of Citium (in Cyprus) c.300 B.C. The first Stoics were so called because they met in the Stoa Poecile [Gr.,=painted porch], at Athens, a colonnade near the Agora, to hear their master Zeno lecture.
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 and the systems of Giordano BrunoBruno, Giordano
, 1548–1600, Italian philosopher, b. Nola. The son of a professional soldier, he entered the Dominican order early in his youth and was ordained a priest in 1572, but he was accused of heresy and fled (c.1576) to take up a career of study and travel.
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 and SpinozaSpinoza, Baruch or Benedict
, 1632–77, Dutch philosopher, b. Amsterdam. Spinoza's Life

He belonged to the community of Jews from Spain and Portugal who had fled the Inquisition.
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. In general, the great monotheistic religions have held that God is both immanent and transcendent, although individual thinkers have tended to emphasize one or the other aspect.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a concept referring to one or another quality (or law) that exists within and is inherent to some object, phenomenon, or process. Materialist dialectics, for example, holds the view that opposing principles, dialectical contradictions, are immanent within all objects and phenomena.

In the history of philosophy immanence is contrasted with transcendence. As a problem in the theory of knowledge, immanence has had an important role since the time of Kant, who posed the problem of the so-called immanent use of reason, that is, of its limitations: in Kant’s view, the valid use of reason was limited in scope to the world of phenomena given in experience (as opposed to the invalid, or transcendent, use of reason, which goes beyond the bounds of possible experience). The adherents of immanentist philosophy refer to their conception by that name because in their view the object of knowledge appears as the internal content of consciousness. The term “immanent” is also used for philosophical criticism that considers a doctrine from the point of view of how consistently it adheres to its own premises.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In this situation, the human experience of politics demonstrated the only dimension of immanence. Also, the political Sovereign totally manages the religious cases.
As such it manifests itself in fragments, gaps, silences, and "the abyss." Ultimately, it is caught in the all-too-airless space of aesthetics, here a sort of postmodern art for art's sake, as harbinger of the ineffable, and of an immanence that is not part of human temporality.
One can try to find herself on the plane of immanence laid out by a philosopher through thinking her concepts.
For this reason, they condemned the notion of tashbih, or immanence. Al-ArabI, however, argued that tashbih is appropriate insofar as it is kept in balance with tanzih.
This doctrine has been highly controversial in the history of Buddhist thought and it has generated many debates, because it appears to be contradictory to Buddhist teachings which were centred around the concept of "non-self." When we see this from a Deleuzian perspective, however, there are some resonances between the idea of Buddhanature and immanence because it suggests that one is already complete from the very beginning and fully equipped with the power to change things, without the need to rely on any transcendent Being.
As an artist and philosopher, O'Sullivan is ideally positioned to explore and exploit this multiple trajectory, and indeed his book is not only an insightful and often subtle exegesis of the 'literature of immanence' but also an active intervention into its creative potential, its ethical subjectivities 'to come'.
Henry focuses on the pathos of self-affection, searches for a more primordial ground of self-knowledge, discovering it in the subjectivity in and for itself, and arrives at the notion of the primordial immanence of the subjective body.
Lang then proceeds to devote a chapter apiece to each of his six poets, briefly sketching their biographies, especially with respect to their religious upbringing and orientation, and then working through their respective publications chronologically, focusing especially on poems that highlight the issues of dualism, immanence, transcendence, spirit, matter, body, and soul.
Jewish faith develops this theme of intimacy, from the immanence of God in the Ark to the deeply personal images in Hosea of God not punishing but calling his people who have strayed back into relationship.
"The Immanence of God in the Tropics" is a collection of short fiction from George Rosen, as he presents people far from home faced with questions about their lives, the questions of life, what's important to them, and of faith.
Also included are two helpful appendices, further explicating complex but key concepts ('immanence' and 'trait') that function throughout the text.