Immunoprophylaxis


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Immunoprophylaxis

 

a branch of practical immunology concerned with preventing infectious diseases by injecting immunological preparations, such as vaccines, immune serums, and gamma globulins, to create immunity.

Immunoprophylaxis helps to prevent many infectious diseases, such as poliomyelitis, yellow fever, diphtheria, tetanus, and smallpox. Another goal of immunoprophylaxis is the development of better vaccines, particularly against typhoid fever, cholera, and dysentery. The methods of immunoprophylaxis will probably be used in the future to control parasitic diseases, such as schistosomiasis, malaria, and helminthiases.

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In host vaccinated with multivalent vaccine, each immunogen is processed and recognized by its specific immunocytes (B cells and Th cells) for induction of immunoprophylaxis against the respective diseases.
Our finding that RSV subgroup shifting was associated with RSV activity suggests that when using RSV seasonal data or conducting RSV surveillance, one should pay attention to the prevailing subgroups in the season to optimize the timing of immunoprophylaxis. This finding indicates the significance of genotyping in RSV surveillance.
For each patient, name, age, sex, obstetric history, blood group, history of having received anti-D immunoprophylaxis (In the current pregnancy) and history of blood transfusions was recorded prior to taking the blood samples.
Appropriateness of age thresholds for respiratory syncytial virus immunoprophylaxis in moderate-preterm infants: a cohort study.
* Provision of immunoprophylaxis for infants born to infected mothers, including hepatitis B vaccine and hepatitis B immune globulin within 12 hours of birth
It is the only immunoprophylaxis treatment approved for the prevention of severe LRTIs caused by RSV in high-risk patients.
In a study of 395 otherwise healthy premature infants who were randomized to receive palivizumab for respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) immunoprophylaxis or placebo and followed for 6 years, 14% of the 199 infants in the RSV prevention group had parent-reported asthma, compared with 24% of the 196 in the placebo group (absolute risk reduction, 9.9%).
Director of the National Immunoprophylaxis Center of the Ministry of Health Gulbara Ishenapysova, among those who refused from vaccinations, 67% are refusals for religious reasons, 12% - due to doubts about the safety of vaccination quality, about 10% - due to the lack of information.
(3) carried out CIVIC Epidemiologic Study with children who had HS-CHD, and found significant associated risk factors such as previous respiratory disease, incomplete immunoprophylaxis against RSV, Di George syndrome, Down syndrome, cardiopulmonary bypass, and siblings aged less than 11 years old.
Health care providers and public health officials use RSV circulation data to guide diagnostic testing and to time the administration of RSV immunoprophylaxis for populations at high risk for severe respiratory illness (6).
Evaluation of human monoclonal antibody 80R for immunoprophylaxis of severe acute respiratory syndrome by an animal study, epitope mapping, and analysis of spike variants.
Thornton, "Postexposure immunoprophylaxis against B virus (herpesvirus simiae) infection," British Medical Journal (Clinical Research ed.), vol.