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Analysis of heart movements in the cardiac cycle by means of electronic instruments, especially by tracings.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the recording of the heart’s contractions; in the broader sense, all methods of registering the heart’s contractile functions.

The first cardiogram (more precisely, a mechanocardiogram) was taken by the French physiologist E. Marey in 1863 by recording the cardiac impulse at the fifth intercostal space. An impulse results when the heart contracts from an ellipsoid, becoming rounder and thicker, its apex rising and pressing against the chest wall. The irregularity of individual waves on the cardiogram and the difficulty of interpretation led to the replacement of the method by more refined ones: ultrasound impulse cardiography, ballistocardiography, dynamocardiography, kinetocardi-ography, seismokymography, roentgenokymography, electro-kymography, and phonocardiography.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Iizuka, "Problems of impedance cardiography," Medical and Biological Engineering and Computing, vol.
Berendse, "Method to measure autonomic control of cardiac function using time interval parameters from impedance cardiography," Physiological Measurement, vol.
Yamakoshi, "Experimental and numerical study on optimal spotelectrodes arrays in transthoracic electrical impedance cardiography," in 2007 29th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, pp.
Impedance cardiography allows not only to explain the mechanism of hypertension, but may also serve as a valuable tool for tracking changes in the circulatory system such as those resulting from changes in the patient's body position.
[13] assessed the reliability of 3 methods: echocardiography, measuring the level of brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) and impedance cardiography in predicting pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (PCWP) determined during cardiac catheterization.
Design and implementation of a digital filter for beat-by-beat impedance cardiography. IEEE Trans.
Cancellation of respiratory artifact in impedance cardiography. In Proc.
Methodological guidelines for impedance cardiography. Psychophysiology, 27, 1-22.
The use of impedance cardiography made it possible to explain the pathogenesis of blood pressure increase after exposure to noise.
Studies on the effect of noise on the increase in blood pressure using impedance cardiography were already carried out in the 1980s.
Impedance cardiography. Noninvasive hemodynamic monitoring: impedance cardiography // 2002 Fort Walton Beach Medical Center.
Non-invasive monitoring of central hemodynamics in acute myocardial infarction: a comparison of hemodynamic indices obtained by two different methods impedance cardiography and transthoracic echocardiography // Sem Cardiol.-2004.-Vol.