impetigo


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impetigo

(ĭmpətī`gō), contagious skin infection affecting mainly infants and children. The causative organisms are either hemolytic streptococcistreptococcus
, any of a group of gram-positive bacteria, genus Streptococcus, some of which cause disease. Streptococci are spherical and divide by fission, but they remain attached and so grow in beadlike chains.
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 or staphylococcistaphylococcus
, any of the pathogenic bacteria, parasitic to humans, that belong to the genus Staphylococcus. The spherical bacterial cells (cocci) typically occur in irregular clusters [Gr. staphyle=bunch of grapes].
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. The eruption consists of small red spots or blisters that rupture, discharge, and become encrusted. The infection is easily spread over the skin by fingernails because of its symptomatic itching; it can also be spread by contaminated linen, clothing, or other objects. Effective treatment with antibiotic ointments usually relieves the infection within 10 days. Systemic treatment with antibiotics is sometimes necessary to prevent the nephritis that occasionally develops.

Impetigo

 

an infectious skin disease caused by streptococci and staphylococci.

Impetigo is most often observed in children, sometimes in epidemic outbreaks at children’s institutions. It is manifested by pustular rashes. The nature of herpetiform impetigo, a special form of the disease with a herpes-like rash, has not been elucidated. Endocrine, toxic, and nervous origin have been conjectured. It appears most often in pregnant women (disappearing with the termination of pregnancy).

impetigo

[‚im·pə′tī‚gō]
(medicine)
An acute, contagious, inflammatory skin disease caused by streptococcal or staphylococcal infections and characterized by vesicular or pustular lesions.

impetigo

a contagious bacterial skin disease characterized by the formation of pustules that develop into yellowish crusty sores
References in periodicals archive ?
The first Phase III clinical study in adult and pediatric patients with impetigo was successfully completed by Ferrer In 2013.
In the United Kingdom, hospitalizations for impetigo increased 5-fold from 1989-1990 through 2003-2004; among children, the increase was 12-fold (2).
Impetigo is highly contagious so to reduce the risk of spreading the infection, it's important that you wash your hands immediately after applying the cream.
The randomized double blind Phase II clinical study, conducted in pediatric patients with impetigo, was designed to assess the efficacy, safety and tolerability of two strengths of the Minocycline Foam.
Impetigo falls into two categories - it is either bullous or non-bullous with the latter being the most common and the type which affects more than 70% of sufferers.
to develop and commercialize Aganocide compounds in acne, impetigo and other dermatological indications.
Children with skin sores on the day of examination were taken as cases of impetigo and those showing GAS on culturing were labelled as GAS skin sore cases.
Many diseases are contagious and the source of infection can be microorganisms lurking in the 'spot' and transmitted by spreading the contents, such as in impetigo (where bacteria are spread), or warts (where viruses are released).
Among the common preventable diseases are impetigo, community acquired methicillin-resistant staphylococcus infection (MRSA), and herpes gladiatorum (a form of herpes virus that causes lesions on the head, neck, and shoulders).
Those approved in 2007 included two HIV therapies; four oncology products; two antihypertensives; one antibiotic; and one NME each to treat Parkinson's disease, pulmonary hypertension, impetigo, acromegaly, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, and phenylketonuria.
The second half covers clinical examples, these include: infective skin diseases such as impetigo and eczema herpeticum; epidermolysis bullosa; Stevens-Johnson syndrome; and urticaria.