Imprisonment

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Imprisonment

 

the most stringent form of punishment entailing deprivation of freedom.

In the USSR, imprisonment is very infrequent; as a rule, the penalty of deprivation of freedom takes the form of a term of confinement in a correctional labor colony. Under Soviet criminal law, imprisonment may be imposed for all or part of the term of deprivation of freedom in the case of persons who have committed serious crimes or who are dangerous recidivists. The law provides that individuals (except minors) guilty of malicious transgressions in a correctional labor colony may be transferred to a prison for a period of up to three years. Prisoners who show model behavior and conscientious work attitudes may have their prison sentence reduced by half; the remainder of the sentence is then served in a correctional labor colony. Soviet law does not provide for life imprisonment.

The bourgeois states currently use imprisonment as the prevailing penalty entailing deprivation of freedom. Imprisonment may be for an indefinite period (as in France, for example) or for life (as in the United States).

Imprisonment

See also Isolation.
Alcatraz Island
former federal maximum security penitentiary, near San Francisco; “escapeproof.” [Am. Hist.: Flexner, 218]
Altmark, the
German prison ship in World War II. [Br. Hist.: Brewer Dictionary, 27]
Andersonville
in southwest Georgia; imprisoned Union soldiers died under wretched conditions. [Am. Hist.: NCE, 99]
Attica
well-known prison in Attica, New York; remembered for its riot (1971). [Am. Hist.: NCE, 182]
Bajazeth
Turkish emperor confined to a cage by Tamburlaine. [Br. Drama: Tamburlaine the Great in Magill I, 950]
ball and chain
originally penological, now generalized symbol. [Western Folklore: Jobes, 176]
Bastille
Paris prison stormed on July 14, 1789. [Fr. Hist.: Worth, 21]
Birdman of Alcatraz
Robert F. Stroud (1890–1963), convicted murderer, became ornithologist in prison. [Am. Culture: Misc.]
Black Hole of Calcutta
Indian dungeon in which overcrowding suffocated prisoners. [Br. Hist.: Harbottle, 45–46]
Bok, Yakov
held in prison for two years under dreadful conditions. [Am. Lit.: Bernard Malamud The Fixer]
Cereno, Benito
captain held captive by mutinous slaves. [Am. Lit.: Benito Cereno]
Count of Monte Cristo
Edmond Dantes; wrongly imprisoned in the dungeons of Chateau D’If. . [Fr. Lit.: The Count of Monte Cristo, Magill I, 158–160]
Denisovitch, Ivan
struggles to stay alive in a Soviet prison camp. [Russ. Lit.: Solzhenitzyn One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovitch]
Devil’s Island
Guiana island penal colony (1852–1938); Alfred Dreyfus among famous prisoners there. [Fr. Hist.: NCE, 754]
Droma
chain forged to fetter wolf, Fenris. [Norse Myth.: LLEI, I: 326]
Enormous Room, The
portrays three months behind bars in France. [Am. Lit.: The Enormous Room]
Falconer
prison where former professor Farragut, who had killed his brother, witnesses the torments and chaos of the penal system. [Am. Lit.: Cheever Falconer in Weiss, 151]
Fortunato
walled up to die in catacomb niche. [Am. Lit.: “The Cask of Amontillado” in Portable Poe, 309–316]
Fotheringay
Mary Stuart’s final prison and place of execution (1587). [Br. Hist.: Grun, 260]
Hogan’s Heroes
incarcerated in Stalag 13, unlikeliest of POW camps. [TV: Terrace, I, 357–358]
House of the Dead, The
account of four years in the fortress-prison of Omsk. [Russ. Lit.: Dostoevsky The House of the Dead in Benét, 480]
Ibbetson, Peter
imprisoned for life, spends all his nights in blissful dreams of existence with his beloved. [Br. Lit. & Am. Opera: G. du Maurier Peter Ibbetson in Magill I, 736]
Leavenworth
the oldest military prison (est. 1874); also the name of a state penitentiary. [Am. Hist.: NCE, 984]
Little Dorrit
born and grew up in the prison where for twenty years her father is incarcerated for debt. [Br. Lit.: Dickens Little Dorrit]
Man in the Iron Mask
mystery prisoner; legendary contender for Louis XIV’s throne. [Fr. Hist.: Brewer Note-Book, 460, 555]
Manette, Dr.
lost memory during 18-year term in France. [Br. Lit.: A Tale of Two Cities]
Marshalsea
ancient London prison, long used for incarcerating debtors. [Br. Hist.: Benét, 640]
Newgate
famed jail of London in centuries past. [Br. Hist.: Brewer Dictionary, 754]
Pickwick, Mr
. (Samuel) imprisoned for refusing to pay dam-ages in a breach-of-promise suit. [Br. Lit.: Dickens Pickwick Papers]
Prisoner of Chillon, The
poem by Lord Byron; based on imprisonment of François de Bonnivard. [Br. Lit.: Benét, 817]
Rubashov, Nicholas
political prisoner held in isolation and brutally questioned. [Br. Lit.: Arthur Koestler Darkness at Noon in Magill I, 187]
San Quentin
famous western California prison (established in 1852); the subject of many songs. [Am. Hist.: NCE, 2419]
Sing Sing
notoriously harsh state prison at Ossining, New York. [Am. Hist.: Flexner, 219]
Torquilstone Front
de Boeuf’s castle, where he imprisoned Rowena, Rebecca, and Isaac. [Br. Lit.: Walter Scott Ivanhoe]
Tower of London
famed as jail. [Br. Hist.: Brewer Dictionary, 1094]
Ugolino
treacherous 13th-century count of Pisa, imprisoned and starved to death with his sons and grandsons. [Ital. Poetry: Inferno]
Valjean, Jean
spent nineteen years in prison for stealing loaf of bread. [Fr. Lit.: Les Misérables]
References in periodicals archive ?
Even though this contravenes international law they have not only refused to give this land back but have been allowed to imprison the indigenous people of Palestine.
This means that while McCarthy took contempt of Congress seriously, he was not seeking to imprison people on the basis of their political beliefs or associations, however loathsome those beliefs or corrupt those associations.
To continue to imprison drug-only offenders mandatorily," he wrote, "is to hamstring further a justice system that controls crime in a daily war of inches, not miles, and that has among its main beneficiaries low-income urban dwellers.
Second, if the government can imprison him at whim, Padilla has no incentive to talk: Since the Bush administration refuses to put him on trial, it cannot hold out the prospect of leniency as an inducement, or the threat of harsher treatment as a goad.
SAN FRANCISCO -- The incarceration of frail elders, who represent the smallest threat to public safety but the largest cost to imprison, embodies failed public policy that California lawmakers must re-examine, according to a new report released today by Legal Services for Prisoners with Children, a Bay Area advocacy group for the rights of the incarcerated.
org, said anti-state allegations such as subversion, divulging state secrets, and acting against national interests were the most common charges used to imprison journalists.
State Senate Majority Leader Gloria Romero, D-Los Angeles, held a hearing this month to try to determine how much it costs California taxpayers to imprison - and supervise once paroled - all foreign nationals, particularly those here illegally.
The new law would fine and imprison hundreds of reputable, hard-working small business owners in Georgia and force hundreds of thousands of consumers to seek financial relief from unscrupulous operators in an underground market of disguised payday loan-type products.