in vitro


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Acronyms, Wikipedia.
Related to in vitro: in vivo

in vitro

(of biological processes or reactions) made to occur outside the living organism in an artificial environment, such as a culture medium

in vitro

[in ′vē·trō]
(biology)
Pertaining to a biological reaction taking place in an artificial apparatus.
References in periodicals archive ?
In vitro shoot proliferation and multiplication is largely based on media formulations with cytokinins as a major plant growth regulator (Hoque, 2010).
Therefore, the emphasis has now been shifted towards in vitro production of high quality buffalo embryos (IVEP) for research, biotechnology and commercial settings (Hansen, 2006) utilizing germ plasm of both male and female animals simultaneously (Barakat et al., 2012).
Leading players in the global in vitro fertilization market include Cooper Surgical Fertility, Oxford Gene Technology, INVO Bioscience, Genea Limited, Vitrolife, Irvine Scientific, Thermo Fisher Scientific, Merck KGaA, and Cook Medical.
Induction of adiponectin in skeletal muscle by inflammatory cytokines: in vivo and in vitro studies.
For each injection site dilution, the in vitro titer in that specific dilution was calculated.
However, supplementation of the FF to the in vitro maturation media can lead to changes in mRNA abundance, influencing gene expression not only in the oocytes but also in the blastocyst stages (Watson et al., 2000; Young et al., 2001; Lonergan et al., 2003; Wrenzycki et al., 2005; Cruz et al., 2014).
Besides, NG108-15 cells hardly affected the proliferation of INS-1 cells in vitro. Finally, our in vivo work demonstrated that heterotypic pseudoislet transplantation recipient mice reverted to normoglycemic levels faster and had a greater glucose clearance compared to INS-1 pseudo-islets recipient mice.
The technique of the in vitro culture (also called micro propagation) consists in regenerating an entire plant in a laboratory from cells or plant tissues in a nutrient medium, using modern cell culture techniques.