in vitro


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Related to in vitro: in vivo

in vitro

(of biological processes or reactions) made to occur outside the living organism in an artificial environment, such as a culture medium

in vitro

[in ′vē·trō]
(biology)
Pertaining to a biological reaction taking place in an artificial apparatus.
References in periodicals archive ?
Informing selection of nanomaterial concentrations for ToxCast in vitro testing based on occupational exposure potential.
Considerando a importancia do conhecimento da anatomia para a definicao de um protocolo de micropropagacao para o ipe-branco, este estudo teve como objetivo comparar a estrutura interna de folhas desta especie, oriundas de plantulas cultivadas ex vitro e in vitro.
Additionally, data from large national surveillance studies of relevant clinical isolates confirm the broad spectrum of ceftobiprole and its in vitro microbiological activity.
To determine whether saliva collection accurately approximates the amount of VEEV transmitted during a mosquito bloodmeal, we quantified virus from saliva collected in vitro and virus deposited at sites of in vivo blood feeding.
It is two to three times more successful than in vitro fertilization at helping infertile couples to have children--at a fraction of the cost--and is morally acceptable.
Reproductive's fee is at least $15,000 to cover as many as three attempts to become pregnant through in vitro fertilization regardless of whether all are needed.
Reduction and refinement approaches such as the OECD tiered testing strategy now included as part of the OECD guideline for acute eye irritation/ corrosion (OECD 2002) for hazard identification and regulatory classification of new chemicals are being used but do not eliminate the need for an in vivo test when the result of the in vitro test is negative.
To investigate whether SARS-CoV could be inhibited by polyanions, we tested the effects of the prototypic sulfated polysaccharide heparin (Figure 2) on in vitro infection.
According to symposium participants, more than 100 in vitro toxicology tests, most of them using cell or tissue cultures, are under development -- evidence that many scientist, including leading researchers in some of the largest cosmetic companies, are now in agreement on the benefits of in vitro toxicology tests.
From our research we found that only two countries out of 16 countries studied in this report is expected to show a contraction in In Vitro Diagnostics (IVD) market for the year 2012.
Modern science offers two conventional alternatives to nature's way: artificial insemination, which places sperm in the vagina or uterus; and in vitro fertilization, which brings sperm and egg together in a laboratory dish.