in-group and out-group

in-group and out-group

twin terms introduced by Graham SUMNER (1906) to refer to insiders in a particular ‘we’ relationship, in contrast with outsiders to the relationship.
References in periodicals archive ?
To explore these nuances, this experiment focused on how political discussions influence moral and affective evaluations of partisan in-group and out-group members.
To explore the influence of group relationships on third-party altruistic behavior, we used a modified DG (Fehr & Fischbacher, 2004) wherein we manipulated the in-group and out-group status of the players.
With this procedure, the tendency to attribute the same degree of suffering to the in-group and out-group members was avoided.
Biased evaluations in in-group and out-group spectator behavior at sporting events: The importance of team identification and threats to social identity.
The separation in athletics is a glaring example of power differential between in-group and out-group, even while the effects of the power differential do not themselves have to be acute.
The behavior of employers may be explained by an extension of categorization theory to intergroup behavior (Tajfel, Billing, Bundy and Flament, 1971) which explains that one's own group is favored and the other group is discriminated in distributing monetary rewards and other material resources, if people are arbitrary divided into in-group and out-group.
As such, in a family firm with multiple subordinate family members, both in-group and out-group LMX differentiation seems likely.
The main objectives of the present study were to investigate how, despite sharing the same history and nationality, difference in the hierarchical placement, via the inter-group context, shape perceptions of members of in-group and out-group. It also attempts to explore the manner in which religious prejudice along with identity affects the appraisal process of out-group.
Two treatments are adopted in order to investigate if participants trust in-group and out-group members differently.
"Knowledge of the Advocated Position and the Processing of In-Group and Out-Group Persuasive Messages." Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 18, 2: 145-151.
The role of in-group identification, religious group membership and intergroup conflict in moderating in-group and out-group affect.
Thus, it is essential that managers be aware of their own tendencies to credit and blame both in-group and out-group subordinates.