in-group and out-group

in-group and out-group

twin terms introduced by Graham SUMNER (1906) to refer to insiders in a particular ‘we’ relationship, in contrast with outsiders to the relationship.
References in periodicals archive ?
regarding the in-group and out-group source cue types.
Biased evaluations in in-group and out-group spectator behavior at sporting events: The importance of team identification and threats to social identity.
The separation in athletics is a glaring example of power differential between in-group and out-group, even while the effects of the power differential do not themselves have to be acute.
The behavior of employers may be explained by an extension of categorization theory to intergroup behavior (Tajfel, Billing, Bundy and Flament, 1971) which explains that one's own group is favored and the other group is discriminated in distributing monetary rewards and other material resources, if people are arbitrary divided into in-group and out-group.
As such, in a family firm with multiple subordinate family members, both in-group and out-group LMX differentiation seems likely.
The main objectives of the present study were to investigate how, despite sharing the same history and nationality, difference in the hierarchical placement, via the inter-group context, shape perceptions of members of in-group and out-group.
Two treatments are adopted in order to investigate if participants trust in-group and out-group members differently.
Knowledge of the Advocated Position and the Processing of In-Group and Out-Group Persuasive Messages.
This recognizes that individuals must first be aware of salient in-group and out-group characteristics in order for evaluations based on those characteristics to be made.
Thus, it is essential that managers be aware of their own tendencies to credit and blame both in-group and out-group subordinates.
This high level of conflict has led to strong, evolved, in-group and out-group preferences.
Leadership and supervision are considered dichotomous techniques employed by the leader with the in-group and out-group respectively (Burns & Otte, 1999; Dansereau, Graen & Haga, 1975).