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incarceration (and decarceration)

the separation of people from the normal routines of everyday life within organizations such as prisons, asylums, long-stay hospitals, the armed forces, and boarding schools. Long-term incarceration can lead to the problem of INSTITUTIONALIZATION, and so to problems of adjusting to independent existence, e.g. for former prisoners or patients.

Decarceration normally implies a more general policy of releasing people from institutions like mental hospitals. The policy of ‘care in the community’, embraced by Conservative governments in Britain in the 1990s, and in Italy before this, is an example of this philosophy See also TOTAL INSTITUTION OR TOTAL ORGANIZATION.

Collins Dictionary of Sociology, 3rd ed. © HarperCollins Publishers 2000
References in periodicals archive ?
This phenomenon is highlighted by Marc Mauer, in Race to Incarcerate (2006), as incarceration is identified as the predominant reason behind "The fraying of family bonds the rising number of children growing up with a parent in prison, and the disrupted social networks in many communities now threaten the viability of those neighborhoods and the life prospects for the next generation of children" (Mauer, 2006, p.
California and Florida now spend more to incarcerate people than to educate their college age populations.
Each arrest, then, is an opportunity to deter the educable and incarcerate the incorrigible.