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incarceration (and decarceration)

the separation of people from the normal routines of everyday life within organizations such as prisons, asylums, long-stay hospitals, the armed forces, and boarding schools. Long-term incarceration can lead to the problem of INSTITUTIONALIZATION, and so to problems of adjusting to independent existence, e.g. for former prisoners or patients.

Decarceration normally implies a more general policy of releasing people from institutions like mental hospitals. The policy of ‘care in the community’, embraced by Conservative governments in Britain in the 1990s, and in Italy before this, is an example of this philosophy See also TOTAL INSTITUTION OR TOTAL ORGANIZATION.

Collins Dictionary of Sociology, 3rd ed. © HarperCollins Publishers 2000
References in classic literature ?
During the period of our incarceration Kantos Kan and I became well acquainted, and formed a warm personal friendship.
The conversation naturally fell upon the incarceration of the poor man.
But in any case, Chief Inspector Heat, purveyor of prisons by trade, and a man of legal instincts, did logically believe that incarceration was the proper fate for every declared enemy of the law.
He will soon be glad to go away, and then we shall get rid of him.' So they made him sign a statement which would prevent his ever sustaining an action for false imprisonment, to the effect that his incarceration was voluntary, and of his own seeking; they requested him to take notice that the officer in attendance had orders to release him at any hour of the day or night, when he might knock upon his door for that purpose; but desired him to understand, that once going out, he would not be admitted any more.
In this mission, rather than attempting to develop a single explanation for the Latino experience in policing, the courts, and the penal system, "Ethnicity and Criminal Justice in the Era of Mass Incarceration" presents a variety of studies and perspectives that illustrate alternative ways of interpreting crime, punishment, safety, equality, and justice.
John Pfaff is here to tell you everything you know about mass incarceration is wrong.
Locked In: The True Causes of Mass Incarceration and How to Achieve Real Reform, John Pfaff, Basic Books, 272 pages
Pfaff's new book, Locked In: The True Causes of Mass Incarceration and How to Achieve Real Reform (2017), proffers an understanding of why the ruling narrative on mass incarceration reform breaks down under scrutiny before offering theoretical solutions for research on and advocacy for reform options.
My book was written for a distinctive end of its own, helping to end the injustice of mass incarceration in our time, and I am deeply grateful to these colleagues because I believe their insights will improve the ability of the book to contribute to that end, which I know each of them shares and has made important contributions toward.
The case study is striking as the facts create questions in the reader's mind as to whether justice has been served by Felix Garcia's incarceration. The chapter ends with Garcia's prison resume highlighting his skills, training, and educational accomplishments obtained during his incarceration.
In "The Effects of Mass Incarceration on Communities of Color" (Issues, Fall 2015), Robert D.