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(ĭn'kyo͝onăb`yo͝olə), plural of


[Late Lat.,=cradle (books); i.e., books of the cradle days of printing], books printed in the 15th cent. The known incunabula represent about 40,000 editions. The books include products of more than 1,000 presses, including such famous printers as Gutenberg, Jenson, Caxton, and Aldus Manutius and give evidence as to the development of typography in its formative period. These books were generally large quarto size, bound in calf over boards of wood, decorated with red initials (rubricated) and ornamental borders, and carrying a colophoncolophon
[Gr.,=finishing stroke]. Before the use of printing in Western Europe a manuscript often ended with a statement about the author, the scribe, or the illuminator.
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 but no title page. Notable European collections of incunabula are in Paris, London (British Museum), Oxford (Bodleian Library), Vienna, Rome, Milan, Brussels, and The Hague. Notable American collections are in Washington, D.C. (Library of Congress), New York City (Morgan Library and others), Providence (John Carter Brown Library and Annmary Brown Memorial), San Marino, Calif. (Henry E. Huntington Library), and in the libraries of Harvard and Yale Univ. For an introduction to incunabula and a guide to further study, see Margaret B. Stillwell, Incunabula and Americana 1450–1800 (2d ed. 1961).



the earliest printed books, prepared from typesetting forms prior to 1501. In external appearance they resemble manuscript books. The type is most commonly Gothic; there are no indentations in incunabula. Their editions usually numbered from 100 to 300 copies. About 40,000 different editions were published; nearly one-half million copies are in existence. There are no incunabula of Russian origin, since the first printed books appeared in Russia only in the middle of the 16th century. The largest collections of incunabula in the USSR are in the Lenin State Library, the M. E. Saltykov-Shchedrin State Public Library, and the Library of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR.

References in periodicals archive ?
The statistics include approximate information on number of bound volumes, current periodicals, online databases, manuscripts and codices, incunabula, theses and dissertations, official documents, music scores, maps, microforms, audio- visual materials, sound recordings, digital data carriers, and other materials.
17) These incunabula of facsimiles proved to be the beginning of a pictorial revolution in print.
To sell off your incunabula and other early and valuable books is a short-term-measure (indeed, a one-off measure of desperation, it appears) which will do immeasurable harm to Cardiff's cultural life, its place in the academic world and its reputation overall.
The tradition of book publishing has left us with remarkable incunabula (books "from the cradle," the earliest period of publishing in the West produced using moveable type), representing the pioneering work of such fifteenth-century printers as Johann Gutenberg and Anton Koberger; contemporary artisans who create livres d'artiste ("artists' books"; see Pierre Lecuire, featured in our Summer 1980 issue, pp.
Once again Guidi has produced an enormous book of breathtaking documentary richness (I counted 6,312 footnotes; the listing of manuscripts and incunabula used runs nineteen pages).
hip, facile hacker argot rife with its own verbal incunabula and compacted language.
Some fine examples of incunabula and illuminated manuscripts were amongst his early acquisitions and one of his most enduring interests were English cartoons and caricatures of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth-centuries, including some marvellous examples of the collected works of Gillray, Hogarth and Cruikshank.
That afternoon in May he lifted up his bed to reveal some of his exquisite incunabula, stored there for safe keeping.
Goff, Incunabula in American Libraries: A Third Census of Fifteenth Century Books Recorded in North American Collections (New York: The Bibliographical Society of America, 1964), L-256.
The handwritten manuscript recognizing process belongs to a set of initiatives which lean to the preservation of cultural patrimony gathered in libraries and archives, where there exist a great wealth in documents and even handwritten cards that accompany incunabula books.
And sometimes the incunabula you request brought out
Today, what is so impressive about Heythrop College and its rich programs in philosophy and theology, offered in conjunction with the University of London, is not its physical plant (which, because of the age of its buildings, is not completely user friendly), nor its precious incunabula, but rather the rich diversity and commitment of its teaching staff and student body, mostly lay women and men from a variety of backgrounds and cultures, persons committed to the academic life and renewal of the Church in the modern world.