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(ĭn'kyo͝onăb`yo͝olə), plural of


[Late Lat.,=cradle (books); i.e., books of the cradle days of printing], books printed in the 15th cent. The known incunabula represent about 40,000 editions. The books include products of more than 1,000 presses, including such famous printers as Gutenberg, Jenson, Caxton, and Aldus Manutius and give evidence as to the development of typography in its formative period. These books were generally large quarto size, bound in calf over boards of wood, decorated with red initials (rubricated) and ornamental borders, and carrying a colophoncolophon
[Gr.,=finishing stroke]. Before the use of printing in Western Europe a manuscript often ended with a statement about the author, the scribe, or the illuminator.
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 but no title page. Notable European collections of incunabula are in Paris, London (British Museum), Oxford (Bodleian Library), Vienna, Rome, Milan, Brussels, and The Hague. Notable American collections are in Washington, D.C. (Library of Congress), New York City (Morgan Library and others), Providence (John Carter Brown Library and Annmary Brown Memorial), San Marino, Calif. (Henry E. Huntington Library), and in the libraries of Harvard and Yale Univ. For an introduction to incunabula and a guide to further study, see Margaret B. Stillwell, Incunabula and Americana 1450–1800 (2d ed. 1961).



the earliest printed books, prepared from typesetting forms prior to 1501. In external appearance they resemble manuscript books. The type is most commonly Gothic; there are no indentations in incunabula. Their editions usually numbered from 100 to 300 copies. About 40,000 different editions were published; nearly one-half million copies are in existence. There are no incunabula of Russian origin, since the first printed books appeared in Russia only in the middle of the 16th century. The largest collections of incunabula in the USSR are in the Lenin State Library, the M. E. Saltykov-Shchedrin State Public Library, and the Library of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR.

References in periodicals archive ?
These factors, however, do seem to have constrained Greys acquisition of incunabula at both colonies.
M17160 (Rood, 1482) is the only entry in the Datenbank Gesamtkatalog der Wiegendrucke [Union Catalogue of Incunabula Database].
Zimmerman 2011, "Age and Merit: The importance of recentiores and incunabula for the text of Apuleius' Metamorphoses," Segno e testo 9, 131-63; the quotation is on p.
For example, the rarities collection contains 15 incunabula, 184 manuscripts (7 of which date from the fifteenth century or earlier), 808 sixteenth-century books, and more than 150 early or extremely unusual books in the Hungarica collection.
The bibliography is testimony to the plethora of sources consulted, and also manifests some of the problems encountered when incunabula are catalogued as manuscripts, rather than printed matter.
The Arcana Collection: Exceptional Illuminated Manuscripts and Incunabula Part I is an amazing private collection which has been assembled over the past three decades.
The Arcana Collection: Exceptional Illuminated Manuscripts And Incunabula will go on sale in July by Christie's, who described it as the most valuable of its kind ever to be offered to bidders.
The Arcana Collection: Exceptional Illuminated Manuscripts And Incunabula, which has a total estimate of pounds 11m to pounds 16m, will be sold in July.
Europeana now includes 70 incunabula from the library of Catalonia and footage of the Friedrichstrasse in Berlin in 1913.
The statistics include approximate information on number of bound volumes, current periodicals, online databases, manuscripts and codices, incunabula, theses and dissertations, official documents, music scores, maps, microforms, audio- visual materials, sound recordings, digital data carriers, and other materials.
Rare editions, some incunabula, and books in Latin and Greek, together with an extraordinary collection of bibles in ancient, modern and obscure languages graced the shelves, but the hand-made book was an item of only antiquarian interest.