This, of course, is without considering the systematic exploitation and indentured
suffering of anglophone subjects without which the academic radical poet might not exist: subsistence-wage workers with whom they are surrounded on their own campuses, and those with whom they are surrounded in the cities in which they reside.
While its main focus is on Fiji, it will also make connections to the work of scholars writing on indentured
women from a global perspective.
For almost a century, 'Indonesians' were indentured
into the Australian-based pearl-shell industry, that started its profitable business in the 1860s.
Her puzzling omission of several well-known works on indentured
labor elsewhere in the British Empire prevents her from locating this personal and Indo-Guyanese story within larger histories of commodity chains and plantation capitalism, and their connections to global coolie migrations and diasporas.
Singh argues that bereft of a caste based political economy (land relations) in the indentured
context, Hindu religion survived, but caste did not.
More than 2.2 million indentured
labourers were mobilised mostly from India to more than 26 countries in various parts of the world making it one of the greatest mass movement of the diaspora worldwide.
It is a moving, foundational book, investigating the experience of indentured
Indian women in the Caribbean.
The descendants of indentured
Indians in Guyana will find this novel useful in understanding their past.
The strength of this book lies in the vivid portrayals of the horrors faced by indentured
servants garnered from solid, primary source documents.
Firms offer a "forgivable loan" to the advisor (indentured
servant) through a contractual agreement where the indentured
servant advisor voluntarily surrenders his or her independence for a fixed period of time.
Having to work at a job that you do not choose to do is as demoralising as being formally indentured
to labour for a fixed term to pay off debts, although in the later case at least the term of indenture tended to be known.
Keywords: emigration, sugar plantations, indentured
labor, Christianity, Chinese, West Indies