indictment

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Related to indictable: Indictable offense

indictment

(ĭndīt`mənt), in criminal lawcriminal law,
the branch of law that defines crimes, treats of their nature, and provides for their punishment. A tort is a civil wrong committed against an individual; a crime, on the other hand, is regarded as an offense committed against the public, even though only one
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, formal written accusation naming specific persons and crimes. Persons suspected of crime may be rendered liable to trial by indictment, by presentment, or by information. An indictment is issued by a grand jurygrand jury,
in law, body of persons selected to inquire into crimes committed within a certain jurisdiction. It usually comprises a greater number than the trial, or petit (also, petty) jury, having since early common law days had between 12 and 23 members.
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 when the jury's investigation is initiated by the public prosecutor's presentment of a bill of indictment. A presentment is an accusation issued by the grand jury on its own knowledge, without any bill of indictment having been previously drawn up by the prosecutor. An information is an accusation presented directly by the prosecutor without consideration by a grand jury. The Fifth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution safeguards the right to a preliminary hearing by a grand jury in major federal cases. It provides in effect that no person outside military service may be tried in a federal court for a capital "or otherwise infamous" (i.e., a felony) crime except on indictment or presentment. Fewer than half of the states similarly require grand jury action. When an indictment or presentment is approved, the foreman of the grand jury marks it "true bill." Indictments, presentments, and informations are similar to the plaintiff's complaint in a civil action (see procedureprocedure,
in law, the rules that govern the obtaining of legal redress. This article deals only with civil procedure in Anglo-American law (for criminal procedure, see criminal law).
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).

indictment

Criminal law
1. a formal written charge of crime formerly referred to and presented on oath by a grand jury
2. any formal accusation of crime
3. Scot a charge of crime brought at the instance of the Lord Advocate
References in periodicals archive ?
But it may not be apparent whether the suspect's behavior amounts to an indictable offence so the situation needs to be assessed carefully.
As in the misguided impeachment of Bill Clinton, the only indictable offenses the special prosecutor could find were related to Mr.
The punishment depends on whether the Crown will proceed by summary or indictable offences.
For instance, the indictable offense of farmed salmon is that they will genetically degrade the species through escapes.
Draw up a list of all those improprieties that are known to afflict racing and related betting activities and categorise them into undesirable, unacceptable and indictable offences.
While the principle of individual culpability should continue to be important (and therefore ensuring the need for some kind of International Court) the current proposal focuses too narrowly on indictable criminality.
Falk said Sharon would be indictable on war crimes charges.
This clearly signed, wickedly sharp, painfully trendy kitchen knife comes with a contract licensing buyers to do their worst, with Tegala committed to shoulder blame for "any indictable proceedings in relation to the Act.
Now, domestic violence is a general indictable crime.
94) But these indictable offenses were predominantly begging, petty theft, forest and field trespassing (Forstfrevel)and numerous other police infractions.
There is a fundamental inconsistency, they argue, between a president's oath to faithfully execute the law and his having himself committed offenses indictable under that law.
Starr has been charged to review some 12 to 15 possible indictable items.