indictment

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indictment

(ĭndīt`mənt), in criminal lawcriminal law,
the branch of law that defines crimes, treats of their nature, and provides for their punishment. A tort is a civil wrong committed against an individual; a crime, on the other hand, is regarded as an offense committed against the public, even though only one
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, formal written accusation naming specific persons and crimes. Persons suspected of crime may be rendered liable to trial by indictment, by presentment, or by information. An indictment is issued by a grand jurygrand jury,
in law, body of persons selected to inquire into crimes committed within a certain jurisdiction. It usually comprises a greater number than the trial, or petit (also, petty) jury, having since early common law days had between 12 and 23 members.
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 when the jury's investigation is initiated by the public prosecutor's presentment of a bill of indictment. A presentment is an accusation issued by the grand jury on its own knowledge, without any bill of indictment having been previously drawn up by the prosecutor. An information is an accusation presented directly by the prosecutor without consideration by a grand jury. The Fifth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution safeguards the right to a preliminary hearing by a grand jury in major federal cases. It provides in effect that no person outside military service may be tried in a federal court for a capital "or otherwise infamous" (i.e., a felony) crime except on indictment or presentment. Fewer than half of the states similarly require grand jury action. When an indictment or presentment is approved, the foreman of the grand jury marks it "true bill." Indictments, presentments, and informations are similar to the plaintiff's complaint in a civil action (see procedureprocedure,
in law, the rules that govern the obtaining of legal redress. This article deals only with civil procedure in Anglo-American law (for criminal procedure, see criminal law).
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).

indictment

Criminal law
1. a formal written charge of crime formerly referred to and presented on oath by a grand jury
2. any formal accusation of crime
3. Scot a charge of crime brought at the instance of the Lord Advocate
References in periodicals archive ?
A federal grand jury indicted software engineer Paige Thompson, a former employee of Capital One.
Milton was indicted on seven felony counts of insurance fraud, one felony count of theft by false pretense and one count of falsifying business records.
The ATC had also indicted other absconding persons in the case including Abdul Zahid and issued their arrest warrants.
This follows the remarks of defeated senatorial bet Larry Gadon, lawyer of Peter Joemel Advincula alias "Bikoy", that he intends to file an impeachment complaint against Robredo if she gets indicted.
'Let the government prosecute those who have been indicted. I think it will be a good start for everyone of us as citizens,' he said recently.
They were indicted for killing 18 Navy personnel and eight Army personnel who were in LTTE custody, on 16th January 2009.
The two others indicted were whistleblowers Edwin Roberto and Leizel de Leon.
If indicted, Ghosn's defence team will again request that he be released on bail.
The father-son appeared before an accountability court in Lahore where they were indicted in the Ramzan Sugar Mills corruption reference.
As the hearing began, a National Accountability Bureau (NAB) lawyer stated that both PML-N leaders would be indicted today.
Of the 33 parents indicted, one is Homayoun Zadeh, an assistant professor of dentistry at the University of Southern California (USC), who is accused of bribing a coach to get his daughter into USC.
Akhtar and others have already been indicted in another case relating to May 12 carnage in which 14 other suspects have already been declared absconders by the court.