indictment

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indictment

(ĭndīt`mənt), in criminal lawcriminal law,
the branch of law that defines crimes, treats of their nature, and provides for their punishment. A tort is a civil wrong committed against an individual; a crime, on the other hand, is regarded as an offense committed against the public, even though only one
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, formal written accusation naming specific persons and crimes. Persons suspected of crime may be rendered liable to trial by indictment, by presentment, or by information. An indictment is issued by a grand jurygrand jury,
in law, body of persons selected to inquire into crimes committed within a certain jurisdiction. It usually comprises a greater number than the trial, or petit (also, petty) jury, having since early common law days had between 12 and 23 members.
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 when the jury's investigation is initiated by the public prosecutor's presentment of a bill of indictment. A presentment is an accusation issued by the grand jury on its own knowledge, without any bill of indictment having been previously drawn up by the prosecutor. An information is an accusation presented directly by the prosecutor without consideration by a grand jury. The Fifth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution safeguards the right to a preliminary hearing by a grand jury in major federal cases. It provides in effect that no person outside military service may be tried in a federal court for a capital "or otherwise infamous" (i.e., a felony) crime except on indictment or presentment. Fewer than half of the states similarly require grand jury action. When an indictment or presentment is approved, the foreman of the grand jury marks it "true bill." Indictments, presentments, and informations are similar to the plaintiff's complaint in a civil action (see procedureprocedure,
in law, the rules that govern the obtaining of legal redress. This article deals only with civil procedure in Anglo-American law (for criminal procedure, see criminal law).
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).

indictment

Criminal law
1. a formal written charge of crime formerly referred to and presented on oath by a grand jury
2. any formal accusation of crime
3. Scot a charge of crime brought at the instance of the Lord Advocate
References in periodicals archive ?
Maryam Nawaz and her spouse retired Captain Safdar were also indicted in Avenfield Flats reference, since they were nominated only this reference.
Subsequently, the court indicted them but the accused denied all allegations, terming them as baseless and false.
The court indicted the Sharif family members in the London properties reference today even though Nawaz Sharif and lead defence counsel Khawaja Haris are both out of the country.
The accountability court has already indicted sons of Nawaz Sharif, Hassan and Hussain Nawaz, in NAB references.
And yet, on Monday, a little more than two months after Roy Oliver shot and killed 15-year-old Jordan Edwards while he sat in the passenger seat of a car moving away from police, the relatively new Dallas County District Attorney Faith Johnson confidently announced a grand jury had indicted Oliver on one count of murder and four counts of aggravated assault by a public servant, one for each of the other teens who were in the car with Edwards.
Four other people are also indicted and will stand trial in the same case.
The father, 45-year-old Elmer Allen Perry of Lyndon and 18-year-old Brian Perry were indicted on a felony rioting charge and two assault counts.
Continue reading "New York Rabbi Indicted For Stealing Taxpayer Funding for Special Needs Program" at.
Musharraf was indicted on the charges of murder, conspiracy to murder and facilitation of murder.
The president of a tour bus operator indicted over a fatal accident has been released on bail, prosecution sources said Saturday.
Summary: Investigative Judge Farid Ajib indicted Wednesday Elie Mahfoud, a former member of the Free Patriotic Movement, for slander and libel over remarks he made about FPM chief MP Michel Aoun.