Indigofera

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Indigofera

 

a genus of shrubs or grasses of the family Leguminosae. The leaves are deciduous and, for the most part, compound imparipinnate; the flowers are monoecious, usually pink, purple, or white, and are found in axillary racemes. The fruit is a linearly cylindrical (rarely, almost spherical) bean. There are approximately 300 Indigofera species growing in tropical and subtropical regions.

In the USSR there are three species (I. gerardiana, I. potaninii, I. kirilowii) cultivated in the Crimea, Western Transcaucasia, and Middle Asia. Many Indigofera species contain the glycoside indican, which yields the blue dye indigo; the most important species are I. unctoria and I. anil.I

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The natural indigo plant from which the dye was extracted grows in Sindh in fact very close to our production site in Jamshoro.
Presently we heard the creaking and the rumbling of the hackeries, loaded with indigo plants, the shouts and songs of the drivers, the shrill cries of the women and children and the restless clanking of the Chinese pumps.
"Nila" in the word Maynila comes from a Sanskrit word meaning indigo, as the name was a reference to the indigo plants that supposedly grew around an area known as tayum (Guatemalan indigo), what is now known as Tayuman Street.
"Virtually everyone in Teotitlan del Valle has a deep and detailed knowledge of weaving and dyeing, and all that goes with it - carding, combing the wool, spinning the yarn, raising the insects on their favourite cactuses, picking the right indigo plants," Sacks wrote.
We know that the artificial synthesis of alizarin and indigo in Europe replicated, replaced and displaced the reds and blues derived from madder and indigo plants, respectively.
The Zhuo Ye Cottage Farm offers a variantthis time not masks but indigo dyeing, the vivid color derived from assam and indigo plants native to the area.
When Indigo planted the flower seeds brought from European gardens, the other indigenous females question Indigo about the values of them, but later they found the gladiolus were not only beautiful but also tasty (476).