Indirect Speech

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reported speech

When we tell other people what someone else told us, it is called indirect or reported speech. We use reporting verbs to introduce the information that was spoken previously.
The most common so-called “reporting verbs” are say and tell. When we use tell, we need to use another person’s name, or a personal pronoun representing him or her, as an indirect object.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Indirect Speech


or indirect discourse, the speech of some person transmitted by a speaker (or writer) in a sentence clause subordinate to his own phrase, which introduces the discourse.

During the transmission of indirect speech, the utterance is transformed according to certain rules. For example, the indirect speech of a third person is transmitted as (in Russian): On skazal, chto budet doma (”He said that he will be at home”).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In this essay I argue that free indirect discourse (henceforth identified as FID) becomes a particularly vital formal technique in the early realist novel due to its ability to convey the complex and often contradictory qualities of the will.
A significant example of free, indirect discourse may be found at a critical juncture in the narration: when memories of the Matteotti assassination are awakened in the judge by a photograph of the slain parliamentarian found by the police among the murder's possessions.
"Mansfield Park: Free Indirect Discourse and the Psychological Novel." Studies in the Novel 19.2 (1987): 137-59.
indirect discourse, the effect is neutrality and ambivalence (as
"Free Indirect Discourse: A Survey of Recent Accounts." Narrative Theory: Critical Concepts in Literary and Cultural Studies.
Why does "indirect discourse" work so well to satirize characters' positions in the stories?
The style of Medea's composition reflects the cinema of poetry which Pasolini proposes as an alternative to contemporary bourgeois cinema, especially with regard to the cinema of poetry's privileging of free indirect discourse.
Telegrams--material cards marked by the economics and the publicity of their production and circulation--structure the series of interpretive maneuvers staged by his characters and enable James's formal experiments with free indirect discourse in the novel.
As a narrative technique, free indirect discourse (FID)--encompassing both free indirect speech (FIS) and free indirect thought (FIT)--serves a variety of functions.
Skillful use of free indirect discourse permits readers both external and internal visions of characters' utterances and thoughts.
Currie investigates the role of such devices as free indirect discourse in enabling narratives to express points of view other than those of the author and/or narrator.
Barnes' narrative technique of free indirect discourse certainly challenges the readers' ability to empathize with Miss Moss, perhaps more intensely in this passage about her marriage than any other passage.