In this essay I argue that free indirect discourse
(henceforth identified as FID) becomes a particularly vital formal technique in the early realist novel due to its ability to convey the complex and often contradictory qualities of the will.
A significant example of free, indirect discourse
may be found at a critical juncture in the narration: when memories of the Matteotti assassination are awakened in the judge by a photograph of the slain parliamentarian found by the police among the murder's possessions.
"Mansfield Park: Free Indirect Discourse
and the Psychological Novel." Studies in the Novel 19.2 (1987): 137-59.
, the effect is neutrality and ambivalence (as
"Free Indirect Discourse
: A Survey of Recent Accounts." Narrative Theory: Critical Concepts in Literary and Cultural Studies.
Why does "indirect discourse
" work so well to satirize characters' positions in the stories?
The style of Medea's composition reflects the cinema of poetry which Pasolini proposes as an alternative to contemporary bourgeois cinema, especially with regard to the cinema of poetry's privileging of free indirect discourse
Telegrams--material cards marked by the economics and the publicity of their production and circulation--structure the series of interpretive maneuvers staged by his characters and enable James's formal experiments with free indirect discourse
in the novel.
As a narrative technique, free indirect discourse
(FID)--encompassing both free indirect speech (FIS) and free indirect thought (FIT)--serves a variety of functions.
Skillful use of free indirect discourse
permits readers both external and internal visions of characters' utterances and thoughts.
Currie investigates the role of such devices as free indirect discourse
in enabling narratives to express points of view other than those of the author and/or narrator.
Barnes' narrative technique of free indirect discourse
certainly challenges the readers' ability to empathize with Miss Moss, perhaps more intensely in this passage about her marriage than any other passage.