induced dipole

induced dipole

[in′düst ′dī‚pōl]
(electricity)
An electric dipole produced by application of an electric field.
References in periodicals archive ?
The dynamics of the induced dipole orientation when applying the external electric field is analyzed with the electric modulus formalism and the following relationship,
Since the Raman activity is strongest for linear molecules with a center(s) of symmetry, capable of having an induced dipole (not getting technical here; however, you could take a course in Group Theory, if you desire a better understanding), water, being both non-linear and containing a permanent dipole is nearly invisible in Raman.
When a polarizable blood cell (or particle) is exposed to an electric field, the particle polarizes, giving rise to an induced dipole moment (18).
Aromatic rings are Lewis base sites and their presence in porous solids improves the gas storage capacity through either acid-base interactions (the case of CO2-acidic molecule) or induced dipole (the case of H2).
When subjected to an AC rotating electric field, the yeast is polarized and has an induced dipole moment.
The resulting induced dipole moment (either excess or net) of the scatterer will have only a z-component: m = [a.
Also, in response to electric fields, the charges in a neutral many-body particle may separate to form induced dipole moments, which tend to align in the field; however this alignment is in competition with thermal effects.
Terms such as induced dipole are becoming relevant, as they cause a brief electrostatic attraction between the two molecules.
Multiplying this induced dipole by the a field with a linear gradient to produce a net force and balancing this force by the Stokes drag, the classical DEP theory produces a DEP velocity of the form
The effect of externally applied electric field on the energy levels, specific heat, absorption spectrum and induced dipole moment of the impurity were studied in detail in the paper of Gomez et al (1967).
Absorption can also occur in non-polar materials via induced dipole moments.
If a material with a permanent or induced dipole is immersed in an electric field gradient, then a dielectrophoretic force on the dipole is formed, as indicated in Fig.