industrial ecology


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industrial ecology

[in¦dəs·trē·əl ē′käl·ə·jē]
(industrial engineering)
The development and use of industrial processes that result in products based on simultaneous consideration of product functionality and competitiveness, natural-resource conservation, and environmental preservation. Also known as design for environment, green design.
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Thus, as Chertow (2000) argues, Industrial Ecology can be seen as a more general term which encompasses the closely related analysis offered by firm level studies, Industrial Metabolism, and Industrial Symbiosis.
Boehland, Journal of Industrial Ecology 9:277287 (2005), http://mitpress.mit.edu/journals/JIEC/v9n1_2/jiec_9_1-2_277_0.pdf
In reality, industrial ecology's incentives go far beyond resource protection or regulatory compliance.
1998 'Industrial ecology and competitiveness: Strategic implications for the firm'.
This new field of "industrial ecology" will apply ecological concepts to organization and operations in industry.
Research and industrial practice within industrial ecology today still focuses much more on the industrialised North than the developing South (1, 2).
The ultimate goal of industrial ecology is to reuse, repair, recover, remanufacture, or recycle products and by-products on a very large scale (Allenby and Richards 1994, Ayres and Ayres 1996, Frosch and Gallopolous 1989, Garner and Keoleian 1995, Graedel and Allenby 1995).
The core concept of Industrial Ecology is to imitate in industrial matters the processes found in nature.
Global plastic production increased to 380 million metric tons (418 million tons) in 2015 from 2 million metric tons in 1950, according to research by Roland Geyer, a professor of industrial ecology at the University of California, Santa Barbara, together with Jenna Jambeck of the University of Georgia and Kara Lavender Law of the Sea Education Association in Woods Hole, Massachusetts.
(2017), CE is a concept that shares many common principles with others, including industrial ecology (IE).

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