industrial engineering

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industrial engineering:

see engineeringengineering,
profession devoted to designing, constructing, and operating the structures, machines, and other devices of industry and everyday life. Types of Engineering

The primary types of engineering are chemical, civil, electrical, industrial, and mechanical.
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industrial engineering

[in′dəs·trē·əl ‚en·jə′nir·iŋ]
(engineering)
A branch of engineering concerned with the design, improvement, and installation of integrated systems of people, materials, and equipment. Also known as management engineering.

Industrial engineering

A branch of engineering dealing with the design, development, and implementation of integrated systems of humans, machines, and information resources to provide products and services. Industrial engineering encompasses specialized knowledge and skills in the physical, social, engineering, and management sciences, such as human and cognitive sciences, computer systems and information technologies, manufacturing processes, operations research, production, and automation. The industrial engineer integrates people into the design and development of systems, thus requiring an understanding of the physical, physiological, psychological, and other characteristics that govern and affect the performance of individuals and groups in working environments.

Industrial engineering is a broad field compared to other engineering disciplines. The major activities of industrial engineering stem from manufacturing industries and include work methods analysis and improvement; work measurement and the establishment of standards; machine tool analysis and design; job and workplace design; plant layout and facility design; materials handling; cost reduction; production planning and scheduling; inventory control, maintenance, and replacement; statistical quality control; scheduling; assembly-line balancing, systems, and procedures; and overall productivity improvement. Computers and information systems have necessitated additional activities and functions, including numerically controlled machine installation and programming; manufacturing systems design; computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing, design of experiments, quality engineering, and statistical process control; computer simulation, operations research, and management science methods; computer applications, software development, and information technology; human-factors engineering and ergonomics; systems design and integration; and robotics and automation.

The philosophy and motivation of the industrial engineering profession is to find the most efficient and effective methods, procedures, and processes for an operating system, and to seek continuous improvement. Thus, industrial engineering helps organizations grow and expand efficiently during periods of prosperity, and streamline costs and consolidate and reallocate resources during austere times. Industrial engineers, particularly those involved in manufacturing and related industries, work closely with management. Therefore, some understanding of organizational behavior, finance, management, and related business principles and practices is needed. See Computer-aided design and manufacturing, Human-factors engineering, Operations research, Production planning

References in periodicals archive ?
One of the responsibilities of universities is to train students with quality, specifically industrial engineers must use technological tools in order to link theory with practice, solving needs of today's industry, this is theory of constructivism (Janjai et al.
In the current society the future of the industrial engineers is knowing and applying the acquired knowledge and adapt it to a society that is in continuous process of change, where the vision to advance to these challenges is the priority, recovering the professional ethics that gives the freedom to fight against corruption processes that do not allow a society progress.
2] In more general terms, industrial engineers strive to make things better, faster, and cheaper.
These four fields are not studied independently but instead are integrated so as to provide industrial engineers with a systemwide view of the problems they address in their work.
Two other important early industrial engineers were the husband-and-wife team of Frank and Lillian Gilbreth.
Today, industrial engineers work for a wide spectrum of companies in the manufacturing and service industries.
We have spoken to industry leaders across all sectors and they have emphasized the need for qualified industrial engineers in the job market.
Kalban, the president and CEO of Dubal, said: 'Dubal is always seeking to employ industrial engineers and the company recognizes their value.
She introduces industrial engineers to the story of American industrialization (these professionals did not formally associate until 1917 with the founding of the Society of Industrial Engineers).
The Society for Health Systems (SHS) is a society of the Institute of Industrial Engineers (IIE), a professional association which serves the professional needs of industrial engineers on an international level.

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