industrial engineering


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Related to industrial engineering: Industrial design, civil engineering

industrial engineering:

see engineeringengineering,
profession devoted to designing, constructing, and operating the structures, machines, and other devices of industry and everyday life. Types of Engineering

The primary types of engineering are chemical, civil, electrical, industrial, and mechanical.
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industrial engineering

[in′dəs·trē·əl ‚en·jə′nir·iŋ]
(engineering)
A branch of engineering concerned with the design, improvement, and installation of integrated systems of people, materials, and equipment. Also known as management engineering.

Industrial engineering

A branch of engineering dealing with the design, development, and implementation of integrated systems of humans, machines, and information resources to provide products and services. Industrial engineering encompasses specialized knowledge and skills in the physical, social, engineering, and management sciences, such as human and cognitive sciences, computer systems and information technologies, manufacturing processes, operations research, production, and automation. The industrial engineer integrates people into the design and development of systems, thus requiring an understanding of the physical, physiological, psychological, and other characteristics that govern and affect the performance of individuals and groups in working environments.

Industrial engineering is a broad field compared to other engineering disciplines. The major activities of industrial engineering stem from manufacturing industries and include work methods analysis and improvement; work measurement and the establishment of standards; machine tool analysis and design; job and workplace design; plant layout and facility design; materials handling; cost reduction; production planning and scheduling; inventory control, maintenance, and replacement; statistical quality control; scheduling; assembly-line balancing, systems, and procedures; and overall productivity improvement. Computers and information systems have necessitated additional activities and functions, including numerically controlled machine installation and programming; manufacturing systems design; computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing, design of experiments, quality engineering, and statistical process control; computer simulation, operations research, and management science methods; computer applications, software development, and information technology; human-factors engineering and ergonomics; systems design and integration; and robotics and automation.

The philosophy and motivation of the industrial engineering profession is to find the most efficient and effective methods, procedures, and processes for an operating system, and to seek continuous improvement. Thus, industrial engineering helps organizations grow and expand efficiently during periods of prosperity, and streamline costs and consolidate and reallocate resources during austere times. Industrial engineers, particularly those involved in manufacturing and related industries, work closely with management. Therefore, some understanding of organizational behavior, finance, management, and related business principles and practices is needed. See Computer-aided design and manufacturing, Human-factors engineering, Operations research, Production planning

References in periodicals archive ?
The industrial engineering attained a development in the textile industry with the invention of the mechanical spinning wheel in 1775 by Sir Richard Arkwrigth in England.
Iftikhar Hussain is also Convener of HEC Curriculum Committee for Industrial Engineering and an elected member of Pakistan Engineering Council (PEC) from Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.
For this purpose, modern industrial engineering also includes knowledge of software and information technology in a great extent.
Industrial engineering technicians may work in manufacturing industries such as aerospace, plastics, semiconductor and electronic components, control instruments and more.
It was developed by Ibtisam Ahmad, Nimah Fayez, Maryam Ahmad and Walaa Awad under the supervision of Prof Samir El Dessouky and Eng Omar Awni, members of the department of mechanical and industrial engineering at the uniiversity.
10 December 2010 - CARE on Thursday suspended its BB/PR4 ratings on Vulcan Industrial Engineering Co Ltd's bank facilities.
Computing, control & industrial engineering; proceedings; 2v.
Leading the project are Albert Ratner, assistant professor of mechanical and industrial engineering, and Ferman Milster, associate director, Utilities and Energy Management.
McVey has over 35 years of industrial engineering experience, with specialized expertise in railroad facilities.
He was promoted to industrial engineering manager in 1974.
Jacobs Engineering Group created a joint venture to boost partnership in industrial engineering, a statement of OCP said on Tuesday.
"Bob Amacker brings a background in industrial engineering and refrigeration to the business during this time of change.

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