industrial society

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industrial society

  1. that form of society or any particular society, in which INDUSTRIALIZATION and MODERNIZATION have occurred.

    The general term originates from SAINT-SIMON who chose it to reflect the emerging central role of manufacturing industry in 18th-century Europe, in contrast with previous PREINDUSTRIAL SOCIETY and AGRARIAN SOCIETY.

    As the basic form of modern society, the term ‘industrial society’ covers both CAPITALIST SOCIETIES, since both exhibit the following common features: factory-based production, a declining proportion of the population employed in agriculture, the separation of the household from production, increases in the level of production and improvements in productivity, urbanization, improvements in consumption and social welfare, the provision of mass education and the achievement of widespread literacy Among other more disputed general features of industrial societies usually included are the tendency for extended family and kinship relationships to decline as the basis of social organization (see FAMILY, KINSHIP), and for religion to be undermined by SECULARIZATION. 2 a disputed model of modern society proposed as an alternative model to either capitalist society’ or ‘socialist society’. In this, more restricted sense of the term, a number of more specific propositions are advanced about modern society:

    1. that industrialization rather than capitalism or socialism is the decisive factor shaping modern society;
    2. that, rather than CLASS CONFLICTS of the dichotomous Marxian kind, CLASS and STATUS divisions occur which simply reflect divisions within the occupational structure of all industrial societies. Whilst these divisions result in a plurality of class and status conflicts (including SECTORAL CLEAVAGES), they occur in a manner which does not routinely undermine the basic effectiveness or continuity of these societies (see also CLASS STRATIFICATION, DAHRENDORF). (c) that there are clear signs of an ultimate CONVERGENCE between capitalist and socialist societies (including domination by a TECHNOSTRUCTURE of managers and technical experts – see also MANAGERIAL REVOLUTION) so that these societies will in the end emerge as neither classically capitalist nor conventionally socialist in social and economic form. See also STATE SOCIALISM, STATE CAPITALISM AND STATE MONOPOLY CAPITALISM, POSTCAPITALIST SOCIETY, POSTINDUSTRIAL SOCIETY.

Collins Dictionary of Sociology, 3rd ed. © HarperCollins Publishers 2000
References in periodicals archive ?
What Naess said was that it wasn't capitalism perse, or socialism, it was industrial society, and industrial society could have a capitalist or socialist face.
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Such symbols have taken on a life of their own and have become reality that can be engineered in service of the industrial society. Reminiscent of General Semantics, the map has become confused with the territory; or, epistemology has become ontology.
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EAPs are specialized service delivery systems developed to meet the needs of impaired employees and employers in our industrial society. This book may be a useful resource for professionals aspiring to work in EAPs as well as for current EAP professionals.
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The son of a Protestant minister, he had a strong sense of mission, which was reinforced by his dislike of industrial society and his work as lay preacher among poor coal miners in Belgium.
She published three books: Theology in an Industrial Society,Gospel in Industrial Society,and What Kind Of God?
The sense of connection, both to the people who grow our food and to those who prepare it, is becoming ever more important to people who see through the veil of our industrial society.
--scientific techniques through the industrial society;

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