industrial union


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industrial union,

labor union composed of all the workers in a given industry, regardless of skill, craft, or occupation (as opposed to the craft union, in which all members are of one skill, such as carpenters or electricians). The industrial union is sometimes referred to as a vertical union, since it accepts workers from the least to the most skilled as members. Prior to the 1870s, unions in the United States had been organized on a craft basis; a modified form of industrial union appeared with the Knights of LaborKnights of Labor,
American labor organization, started by Philadelphia tailors in 1869, led by Uriah S. Stephens. It became a body of national scope and importance in 1878 and grew more rapidly after 1881, when its earlier secrecy was abandoned.
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. The successor to that organization, the American Federation of Labor (AFL), organized new members on the basis of their craft. But the idea of an industrial union survived with the Industrial Workers of the WorldIndustrial Workers of the World
(IWW), revolutionary industrial union organized in Chicago in 1905 by delegates from the Western Federation of Mines, which formed the nucleus of the IWW, and 42 other labor organizations.
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, which was founded in 1905. Adopting a policy of accepting everyone, skilled or unskilled and regardless of race, sex, or creed, the IWW's membership ranged from mine workers, to even migrant agricultural workers. Within the AFL in the 1930s one segment of unions, under the leadership of John L. LewisLewis, John Llewellyn,
1880–1969, American labor leader, b. Lucas co., Iowa; son of a Welsh immigrant coal miner. He became a miner and after 1906 rose through the union ranks to become president (1920) of the United Mine Workers of America (UMW).
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, began to organize in the mass production industries, i.e., to form industrial unions. These unions, initially named the Committee for Industrial Organization, were expelled (1936) and were renamed (1938) the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO). The newly formed CIO was basically an industrial union. Three kinds of industrial unions were recognized—those consisting of all employees working on the same commodity (e.g., electrical workers or brewery workers), those using the same tools to work on different materials (e.g., textile and aluminum workers), and all employees of a given factory regardless of their particular skill. Following the merger of the AFL with the CIO in 1955, an Industrial Union Department (IUD) was organized within the merged organization. Although industrial unions have traditionally attempted to organize manufacturing or mining employees, such unions as the Service Employees International Union are now attempting to organize workers in service industries and the public sector. But organizing office workers who perform different tasks in various offices in separate buildings has been much harder than organizing a large automobile factory where all employees work on the same assembly line. See bibliography under American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial OrganizationsAmerican Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations
(AFL-CIO), a federation of autonomous labor unions in the United States, Canada, Mexico, Panama, and U.S.
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.
References in periodicals archive ?
Speakers include Steve Miller, President and CEO, American Coalition for Clean Coal Electricity; Abe Breehey, Director of Government Affairs at International Brotherhood of Boilermakers; James Hunter, Director of Utilities, International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers; Bob Baugh, Executive Director, AFL-CIO Industrial Union Council; Bill Banig, Director of Government Affairs, United Mine Workers of America; and Douglas Jeavons, Managing Director, BBC Research & Consulting.
The generator would be owned and operated by ZAO Ekoenergia, itself jointly-owned by the Industrial Union of Donbass (ISD) and its subsidiary AMK.
The order, placed by the Industrial Union of Donbass Corp.
As a labor historian who has taught at both large universities and small colleges in the South during my brief career, I occasionally have experienced this phenomenon when I discuss the rise of the industrial union movement in the wake of the Great Depression.
The mill shut down in 1986, but in its heyday, it employed 15,000 steelworkers in 450 buildings on 430 acres, woven together with 150 miles of railroad track and the power of a great industrial union.
Montgomery made a strong impression on Anthony and the other first-generation feminist leaders, and they turned to her to lead a key new organization--the Women's Educational and Industrial Union (WEIU).
the Industrial Union Councils) and local branches of the Communist party, the Socialist party, the American Labor party, and later the Democratic party.
Merger of the two unions will create the largest industrial union in North America, with more than 850,000 active members in over 8000 bargaining units in the United States, Canada, and the Caribbean.
If approved by members, the merger will create the largest industrial union in North America, with more than 850,000 active members in the U.
GERMANY'S biggest industrial union has agreed to a 28-month pay freeze in a deal with car maker Volkswagen, receiving in return a guarantee that there will be no layoffs before 2011 ``We were able to reach a fair balance between the aim of securing jobs on one side and the company's interest in reducing costs, '' said chief union negotiator Hartmut Meine, after all-night talks.
But his early support for Kerry, coupled with the ill-fated endorsements of Dean by Service Employees Industrial Union chief Andy Stern and AFSCME's Gerald McIntee, may change that.

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