industrial union


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industrial union,

labor union composed of all the workers in a given industry, regardless of skill, craft, or occupation (as opposed to the craft union, in which all members are of one skill, such as carpenters or electricians). The industrial union is sometimes referred to as a vertical union, since it accepts workers from the least to the most skilled as members. Prior to the 1870s, unions in the United States had been organized on a craft basis; a modified form of industrial union appeared with the Knights of LaborKnights of Labor,
American labor organization, started by Philadelphia tailors in 1869, led by Uriah S. Stephens. It became a body of national scope and importance in 1878 and grew more rapidly after 1881, when its earlier secrecy was abandoned.
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. The successor to that organization, the American Federation of Labor (AFL), organized new members on the basis of their craft. But the idea of an industrial union survived with the Industrial Workers of the WorldIndustrial Workers of the World
(IWW), revolutionary industrial union organized in Chicago in 1905 by delegates from the Western Federation of Mines, which formed the nucleus of the IWW, and 42 other labor organizations.
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, which was founded in 1905. Adopting a policy of accepting everyone, skilled or unskilled and regardless of race, sex, or creed, the IWW's membership ranged from mine workers, to even migrant agricultural workers. Within the AFL in the 1930s one segment of unions, under the leadership of John L. LewisLewis, John Llewellyn,
1880–1969, American labor leader, b. Lucas co., Iowa; son of a Welsh immigrant coal miner. He became a miner and after 1906 rose through the union ranks to become president (1920) of the United Mine Workers of America (UMW).
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, began to organize in the mass production industries, i.e., to form industrial unions. These unions, initially named the Committee for Industrial Organization, were expelled (1936) and were renamed (1938) the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO). The newly formed CIO was basically an industrial union. Three kinds of industrial unions were recognized—those consisting of all employees working on the same commodity (e.g., electrical workers or brewery workers), those using the same tools to work on different materials (e.g., textile and aluminum workers), and all employees of a given factory regardless of their particular skill. Following the merger of the AFL with the CIO in 1955, an Industrial Union Department (IUD) was organized within the merged organization. Although industrial unions have traditionally attempted to organize manufacturing or mining employees, such unions as the Service Employees International Union are now attempting to organize workers in service industries and the public sector. But organizing office workers who perform different tasks in various offices in separate buildings has been much harder than organizing a large automobile factory where all employees work on the same assembly line. See bibliography under American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial OrganizationsAmerican Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations
(AFL-CIO), a federation of autonomous labor unions in the United States, Canada, Mexico, Panama, and U.S.
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.
References in periodicals archive ?
Vote mobilization by each enterprise union is the key for an industrial union to collect a large number of personal votes for its sponsored candidate.
Niagara employers expressed their shared views of industrial unions and collective bargaining in 1943 in testimony to the Ontario government's Select Committee to Inquire into Collective Bargaining between Employers and Employees.
From the 1930s through the 1980s, the United Steelworkers (USW) and its sister industrial union, the United Auto Workers, were the heart of organized labor in America.
Completing the first part of the book is a discussion of allies and opponents, which contains a brief but colourful account of the resistance to former national secretary Barry Egan's attempted amalgamations with the Australian Workers' Union and the Building Workers' Industrial Union in the 1970s.
Montgomery might be most remembered for contributions to the ecumenical woman's missionary movement and her 1910 book, Western Women in Eastern Lands, but she was also was a Wellesley graduate, licensed Baptist preacher, Rochester school board reformer, Women's Educational Industrial Union leader, progressivist, and friend of Susan B.
The fact that Osmonov is chairman of FTUK, and chairs the industrial union, is not a violation of the statute of FTUK, AKIpress was told by the deputy chairman Temirbek Zhanaliev.
Focusing on a specific historical moment or biography of a woman in each chapter, she examines middle class and working class women's ideas about independence, including the effects of social class and strategies for political transformation; reformers like Jennie Collins, Aurora Phelps, Leonora Barry, Nell Nelson, Leonora O'Reilly, and Helen Campbell; and organizations such as the National Consumers' League, the Women's Educational and Industrial Union, the Domestic Reform League, the Wage-Earners' Suffrage League, and the Women's Trade Union League.
Union); Western Australia (the Industrial Union of Workers Perth); and South Australia (the Australian Nursing Federation South Australia).
She established the New Zealand Nurses' Industrial Union of Workers in 1973, while working as a nurse adviser with NZNA.
The panel discussion, at the National Press Club in Washington, DC, is also sponsored by the International Brotherhood of Boilermakers (IBB), International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers (IBEW), AFL-CIO Industrial Union Council (IUC), United Mine Workers of America (UMWA) and BBC Research.
"While many seek to pit the environment against economic growth, we see economic opportunity in the solutions to the climate crisis," adds Bob Baugh, executive director of the AFL-CIO Industrial Union Council, one of the report's sponsors.
She worked for many years at the Womens Educational and Industrial Union in Boston, and prior to that was a Sales Associate at Shreve, Crump and Low, also in Boston.

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