colic

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Related to Infantile colic: intussusception, infantile spasm

colic,

intense pain caused by spasmodic contractions of one of the hollow organs, e.g., the stomach, intestine, gall bladder, ureter, or oviduct. The cause of colic is irritation and/or obstruction, and the irritant and/or obstruction may be a stone (as in the gall bladder or ureter), an irritant food or gas (in the stomach and intestines), appendicitis, or implantation of an embryo in an oviduct. Intestinal colic in infancy is sometimes attributed to gas formed by excessive swallowing of air or inadequate digestion of milk. Treatment of colic is relative to the cause.

Colic

 

a paroxysm of acute spasmodic abdominal or retroperitoneal pain. There are various forms, including hepatic and renal colic, which are caused primarily by stones; vermicular colic; intestinal colic, which is caused by fecaliths and certain diseases; and pancreatic colic, which is a symptom of pancreatitis and pancreatic calculi. The pain associated with colic is due to prolonged spasm of the orbicular muscles of the intestinal walls, the biliary tract, and the ureter. Colic may also occur when portions of the intestine are distended by gases. It is accompanied by vomiting and worsening of the general condition. It may last from several minutes to several hours.

In animals a distinction is made between true colic, which occurs in diseases of the stomach and intestine, and false colic, which accompanies certain infectious diseases and pathological changes in the bladder, liver, and other organs. The seizures vary in duration, lasting from several minutes to several hours. The animals shift from leg to leg, paw the ground, lie down, roll about, and assume a variety of unnatural positions. Treatment and preventative measures include the use of pain relievers and the elimination of the causes of the disease responsible for the colic.

REFERENCE

Vnutrennie nezaraznye boleznii sel’skokhoziaistvennykh zhivotnykh. Moscow, 1967.

A. M. KOLESOV

colic

[′käl·ik]
(medicine)
Acute paroxysmal abdominal pain usually caused by smooth muscle spasm, obstruction, or twisting.
In early infancy, paroxysms of pain, crying, and irritability caused by swallowing air, overfeeding, intestinal allergy, and emotional factors.

colic

a condition characterized by acute spasmodic abdominal pain, esp that caused by inflammation, distention, etc., of the gastrointestinal tract
References in periodicals archive ?
A comparison of the groups by demographic properties showed that the mean ages were 86.14[+ or -]39.435 (23-180) days in the control group and 72.83[+ or -]47.114 (23-180) days in the infantile colic group (p=0.071).
Olafsdottir E, Forshei S, Fluge G, Markestad T Randomised controlled trial of infantile colic treated with chiropractic spinal manipulation.
Lactobacillus reuteri DSM 17938 In Infantile Colic: A Randomized, Double-Blind Placebo-Controlled Trial.
A total of 72.6% of the patients with primary migraine had a history of infantile colic. The prevalence of colic was similarly high between those who had migraine with aura (69.7%) and those who had migraine without aura (73.9%).
Infantile colic incidence and associated risk factors: a cohort study.
Urticaria and angioedema are immediate reactions to CMP; atopic dermatitis, infantile colic, gastroesophageal reflux, esophagitis, infantile proctocolitis, food-protein enterocolitis, and constipation are all intermediate and late-onset reactions (Dupont & de Boissieu, 2003).
glass cow's milk 3 times per day Evans 600 ml flavoured soy Maternal cow's milk avoidance resulted 1981 (9) milk vs flavoured in no reduction in infantile colic. 300ml soy + 300 ml cow's milk drink Cant soy milk powder vs Mean values of atopic eczema scores 1986 (11) cow's milk and egg not significantly different between powder (600 ml milk soy vs cow's milk and egg challenges.
For example, infantile colic (excessive crying in an otherwise healthy baby) shows as long bouts of crying in the early evening.
A minority of patients with infantile colic (inconsolable, agonized crying, drawing up of the legs, abdominal distention, and excessive gas associated with feeding during the first several months of life) have symptoms attributed to IgE-mediated food hypersensitivity (Sampson 1989).
An EEG was ordered, and the characteristic findings lead to a diagnosis of infantile colic.
Infantile colic is believed to be caused by spasms in the intestine, although this is yet to be proven.

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