Poliomyelitis, ('infantile paralysis
'), is caused by an enterovirus, spread by droplets or by the faeco-oral route.
Salk's efforts attracted the attention and funding from The National Foudation for Infantile Paralysis
(later called the March of Dimes), which enabled him to work full time on polio.
There were 268 cases of infantile paralysis
reported in Wales and England during the previous week.
This tale of how polio was conquered in the US in the mid-20th century is mainly concerned with the personalities involved: Franklin Delano Roosevelt, himself a polio victim, who used his private wealth to set up the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis
; Basil O'Connor, the hard-driving Chair of the Foundation, handpicked by Roosevelt, whose passion for finding a vaccine led him to support promising researchers throughout the country, and to take enormous risks in testing the vaccine; and, of course, Salk, Sabin, and an army of researchers, including John Enders, whose discovery that the polio virus could be grown outside of nerve tissue earned him a Nobel Prize.
1957: Elvis Presley donated thousands of teddy bears to the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis
From 1953-1955, as a consultant to the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis
, Dublin served as the medical field director helping test Salk's experimental polio vaccine.
Furthermore, in the 1930s, polio was known as "infantile paralysis
." This was before the breakthroughs of Salk and Sabin, so most people knew one or more victims of the disease, and there was no mystery.
(5.) International Committee for the Study of Infantile Paralysis
Of course Christopher Clausen ["The President and the Wheelchair," WQ, Summer '05] is right when he says that Frank Freidel and Arthur Schlesinger Jr., in their books about Franklin Delano Roosevelt written in the 1950s, "treat his polio and its physical manifestations matter-of-factly, as if every well-informed person knew at least the essentials of his condition and had known at the time." I think you could delete "well-informed." What with the publicity roused by Warm Springs and the March of Dimes and the parental panic caused by infantile paralysis
, every sane voter knew that America's president was crippled by polio.
The fight was spearheaded by organizations such as the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis
, created by President Franklin Roosevelt, himself a polio victim.
The research was funded by the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis
, today known as the March of Dimes.