infantile spasm


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical.
Related to infantile spasm: West syndrome

infantile spasm

[′in·fən‚tīl ′spaz·əm]
(medicine)
A type of seizure seen in infants and young children, characterized by a sudden, brief, massive myoclonic jerk.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
It has been reported that presence of infantile spasm was a risk factor for resistant seizures in some studies (8,21).
But when she experienced one of her infantile spasms in hospital, it caused doctors in the Accident and Emergency department of Warrington Hospital to take action.
In approximately 50-70% of the children with West syndrome, seizure types other than infantile spasms are also observed.
Unfortunately, infantile spasms are non-responsive to many of the more conventional anticonvulsant medications.
Carisbamate acutely suppresses spasms in a rat model of symptomatic infantile spasms.
Children with infantile spasms have an increased risk of death with underlying causes and diseases associated or co-existing with spasms being the usual cause rather than the spasms themselves.
John Mytinger, Director of the Infantile Spasms Program at The Ohio State University at Nationwide Children's Hospital in Columbus, with the 2015 Infantile Spasms Heroes Award, and the TS Alliance recognized Danielle Boyce of Bala Cynwyd, PA as the inaugural recipient of the Infantile Spasms Hope Award.
We started recording her episodes and sent them to our doctors in the UK who confirmed in March that Grace has Infantile Spasms (West Syndrome)," said Richie.
The goal for improving outcomes in infantile spasms include early recognition and diagnosis, short duration of therapy and first line treatment with timely EEG done for diagnosis and when indicated for follow up.
It is important to ask leading questions about these features and to remember that seizures such as infantile spasms may be as subtle as a head nod followed by a cry.
Washington, May 18 (ANI): A high-fat ketogenic diet, made up of high-fat foods and few carbohydrates, can help reduce or completely eliminate debilitating seizures in most children with infantile spasms, whose seizures persist despite medication, say researchers.
The debilitating condition, otherwise known as infantile spasms, is a rare and serious form of epilepsy in infants.