Venous drainage of caudate lobe is by emissary veins which pass directly from caudate lobe to inferior vena cava
During the 2005-2010 period, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) received 921 reports of adverse events related to IVCF, of which 328 involved device migration, 146 embolizations, 70 perforation of the inferior vena cava
, 56 involved filter fracture, and death in 4% of cases.
Congenital abnormalities of the inferior vena cava
presenting clinically in adolescent males.
A case of intravascular leiomyomatosis extending to inferior vena cava
, right heart, and pulmonary artery.
Malignant renal tumor with extension to the inferior vena cava
Miller, "Diagnosis of inferior vena cava
anomalies by computerized tomography," Computerized Radiology, vol.
4) Shunts most commonly drain to the inferior vena cava
, but drainage can be to the renal veins, iliac veins, azygous vein or the right atrium.
international registry of inferior vena cava
leiomyosarcoma: analysis of a world series on 218 patients.
Inferior vena cava
malformation as a risk factor for deep venous thrombosis in the young.
congenital anomalies of the inferior vena cava
(IVC) which are frequently asymptomatic when there is a developed collateral circulation, but accidentally discovered.
Treatment includes |anticoagulant medication, such as warfarin, wearing compression stockings, taking regular walking exercise, raising legs or inserting inferior vena cava
filters that are placed in a vein to trap large fragments of a blood clot and stop it travelling to the heart and lungs.
A case of origin of the testicular artery from the renal artery, and course of the testicular artery behind the inferior vena cava