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Related to infinitive: bare infinitive, split infinitive


An infinitive is the most basic form of a verb. It is “unmarked” (which means that it is not conjugated for tense or person), and it is preceded by the particle to.
Infinitives are known as non-finite verbs, meaning they do not express actions being performed by the subjects of clauses. Instead, infinitives function as nouns, adjectives, or adverbs to describe actions as ideas.
Infinitives are distinct from a similar construction known as bare infinitives or the base forms of verbs, which are simply infinitives without the particle to.
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see moodmood
or mode,
in verb inflection, the forms of a verb that indicate its manner of doing or being. In English the forms are called indicative (for direct statement or question or to express an uncertain condition, e.g.
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; tensetense
[O.Fr., from Lat.,=time], in the grammar of many languages, a category of time distinctions expressed by any conjugated form of a verb. In Latin inflection the tense of a verb is indicated by a suffix that also indicates the verb's voice, mood, person, and number.
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an indefinite form of the verb that can function syntactically as the substantive to provide the general name for an action or process, in many languages without reference to person, number, tense, or mood. It can have aspect, voice, and sometimes tense. A number of languages have various forms of the infinitive.

References in periodicals archive ?
The fourth chapter of the book briefly describes the use of infinitives absolute in non-modal contexts, and draws an important distinction between the effect of the paronomastic infinitive in modal versus non-modal contexts: whereas in modal contexts the paronomastic construction emphasizes modality, in non-modal contexts it serves as "adverbial intensification of the verbal idea" (p.
Utterance predicates such as legein 'say' or angellein 'announce' may take both infinitive and indicative complements.
The crucial question is what syntactic and semantic relationship holds between the italicised NPs and the matrix predicates on the one hand and between these NPs and the infinitives on the other.
In Table 3a the literary illative infinitive is presented adjacent to its translative counterpart, familiar from some of the Erzya dialects.
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modals) accounts for the fact that these predicates tend to combine with infinitives or subjunctives, which do not express tense distinctions.
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Accordingly, there are "regular" verbs with an infinitive derivable from the present stem by adding either -de or -i=re (p.
The first of these would be the aspectual equivalent of the VOSI infinitive form (He saw the event of two brothers casting a net).
Ray Vazquez is the CEO of Infinitive Insight, the enterprise risk management practice at Infinitive, a Northern Virginia-based consultancy.