infinitive


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Related to infinitive: bare infinitive, split infinitive

infinitive

An infinitive is the most basic form of a verb. It is “unmarked” (which means that it is not conjugated for tense or person), and it is preceded by the particle to.
Infinitives are known as non-finite verbs, meaning they do not express actions being performed by the subjects of clauses. Instead, infinitives function as nouns, adjectives, or adverbs to describe actions as ideas.
Infinitives are distinct from a similar construction known as bare infinitives or the base forms of verbs, which are simply infinitives without the particle to.
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infinitive:

see moodmood
or mode,
in verb inflection, the forms of a verb that indicate its manner of doing or being. In English the forms are called indicative (for direct statement or question or to express an uncertain condition, e.g.
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; tensetense
[O.Fr., from Lat.,=time], in the grammar of many languages, a category of time distinctions expressed by any conjugated form of a verb. In Latin inflection the tense of a verb is indicated by a suffix that also indicates the verb's voice, mood, person, and number.
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.

Infinitive

 

an indefinite form of the verb that can function syntactically as the substantive to provide the general name for an action or process, in many languages without reference to person, number, tense, or mood. It can have aspect, voice, and sometimes tense. A number of languages have various forms of the infinitive.

References in periodicals archive ?
If a split infinitive creates an awkward sentence, which is common when you split your verb with a phrase rather than a single word, then avoid it.
According to Kingsley Amis - who, incidentally, taught my grammarobsessed dad at Swansea University - "the split infinitive is the best known of the imaginary rules that petty linguistic tyrants seek to lay upon the English language.
In this example, a conjugated form of the verbal root [square root of (term)]'bd occurs with plyrwpwrys', which derives from the Greek aorist active infinitive [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] (LSJ 1419).
BI= Bare Infinitive EModE= Early Modern English IP-MAT= matrix clause ME= Middle English MED= Middle English Dictionary NP= Noun Phrase OED= Oxford English Dictionary PDE= Present-day English PPCEME= Penn-Helsinki Parsed Corpus of Early Modern English PPCME2= Penn-Helsinki Corpus of Middle English
All these constructions have their counterparts in Miina Norvik's material of the analysed Livonian data, the construction with indirect subject DAT + copula bija/bus + infinitive in particular, which is common in contemporary spoken Latvian, but which was previously widely used across all registers (Latviesu valodas gramatika 2013 : 490), and therefore it could be discussed in the context of the future forms of the Livonian verb.
make o in late Middle English and early Modern English medical writing with the following objectives: (a) to analyse the distribution of the marked and the unmarked infinitive in combination with this verb in the period 1350-1700; (b) to study the distribution of the two variant expressions across the different text types; and (c) to evaluate the contribution of the following factors in the choice of the infinitive: (i) the presence of intervening elements between the matrix verb and the object infinitive, whether nominal,
Note, however, that although an infinitive phrase cannot be the verb, it might be the subject of a sentence.
This is the case with the infinitive aclian, which displays the long vowel a.
Once again, if the infinitive complement denotes the perception of an event, then it seems logical to understand that the participle construction is being used in exactly the same way.
The above writers are bogyhaunted creatures who for fear of splitting an infinitive abstain from doing something quite different, i.
Our decision to present the infinitive, the substantive and the that-clause is justified by the fact that they represent very different construals from the English gerund and therefore they reflect contrasting perspectives.
Then indicate which number of student the activity will start with and give the English infinitive, such as "to speak".