Infix

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Infix

 

an affix, inserted within the stem in word formation or word inflection. The infix is an important means of affixation in the Indonesian languages, for example: in Tagalog s-um-ulat (“to write”) and s-in-ulat (“was written”) are derived from sulat (“writing”). The so-called nasal infix in Indo-European languages—in Latin, vic-i (“I conquered”) and vi-n-co (“I am conquering”)—is of a more debatable nature, since it does not have a definite meaning. Russian has alternations that originated in the Indo-European nasal infix: Russian lech’—liagu (“to lie”— “I’ll lie”) and sest’—siadu (“to sit”—“I’ll sit”) from Indo-European leg-ti—le-n-g-ō and sed-ti—se-n-d-ō.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.