inflammatory response


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical.
Related to inflammatory response: inflammation, Systemic inflammatory response syndrome

inflammatory response

[in¦flam·ə‚tȯrē ri′späns]
(immunology)
A nonspecific defensive reaction of the body to invasion by a foreign substance or organism that involves phagocytosis by white blood cells and is often accompanied by accumulation of pus and an increase in the local temperature.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
The company has developed a new concept of immunomodulation that targets the TREM-1 pathway to control unbalanced inflammatory responses.
" These inflammatory responses can, in turn, accelerate the development of vascular diseases or type 2 diabetes.In arteriosclerosis, for example, the typical vascular deposits, the plaques, consist largely of lipids and immune cells.
Based on the aforementioned facts, we proposed a hypothesis that patients with different adipose amounts and compositions may have varied postoperative inflammatory responses. Therefore, the aim of this study was to find out if body fat composition is associated with postoperative inflammatory response in IBD patients.
Using this pretreatment, the severity of the inflammatory response and the subsequent inflammatory injury to the same dose of LPS could be modulated.
The preclinical research shows that following a stroke, administration of the cell therapy modulates the inflammatory response initiated by the stroke injury, by down-regulating inflammatory cytokines and immune cells that cause extensive damage in the brain following a stroke or other neurological injury.
To this regard, the impact of PIS on patient outcome is still unknown but the systemic inflammatory response could be responsible for an increased cardiovascular morbidity, since the intensity of inflammation seems to be correlated with the presence of cardiovascular or any other adverse event during the first month after the procedure [4].
These injuries lead to neurological compromise through an inflammatory response and cell death within the spinal cord.
Exacerbated immunoinflammatory responses to cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) have been compared with systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) (1-3).
People deficient in or having an excess of certain micronutrients, such as folate, vitamins B12, B6, Bl, and E, and zinc, may be vulnerable to a weak or excessive inflammatory response to certain chronic diseases, including metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular diseases, according to Prof.
In fish, the assessment of inflammatory response depends on three major factors: first is the difficulty of identification of leukocytes, that depends on the species, the second is related to ontogenetic variation in blood and inflammatory cells (Tavares-Dias and Moraes, 2004), and third kinetics of inflammatory process, which may be influenced by dietary supplementation (Moraes et al., 2003; Belo et al., 2005, 2012; Dotta et al., 2011), by the kind of inflammatory stimulous (Bozzo et al., 2007), by eicosanoids (Claudiano, 2011), by the ambiental temperature (Dias and Sinhorini, 1991; Jansson Junior and Waaler, 1967) and by circulating hormones (Martins et al., 2000; Belo et al., 2005, 2012).

Full browser ?