An outbreak of Canine influenza virus
was reported in 22 racing greyhound dogs, nucleotide sequence revealed its similarity with equine influenza virus
(EIV) H3N8 (Crawford et al., 2005; Dubovi and Njaa, 2008).
The NIH spokesman has stressed on the need to take all possible measures for prevention and control of influenza virus
in the country.
He said influenza virus
was seasonal and its outbreak in Pakistan is mostly by the H1N1 virus.
Avian influenza virus
subtype H3N2 also has close genetic relationship to our isolate.
Experts said the disease is caused by influenza virus
. Fever, sour throat, flue, head ach, body ache, cough, may be productive, and upper respiratory tract infection are the symptoms of the disease.
A bigger worry is that an animal influenza virus
could cause a pandemic outbreak, spreading from person to person around the world, like the pandemic H1N1 virus in 2009.
Sporadic influenza virus
detections were reported in Eastern and Western Africa, with influenza A(H1N1)pdm09, influenza A(H3N2), and influenza B viruses cocirculating.
Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells were used for the titration of infective influenza virus
in the culture supernatant.
In conjunction with the approval, Nobivac Canine Flu Bivalent is recommended for healthy dogs seven weeks of age or older as an aid in the control of disease associated with canine influenza virus
H3N8 and canine influenza virus
is a worldwide global health concern causing seasonal morbidity, mortality, and economic burden.
The study is the first to report on live avian influenza virus
in penguins, though previous research has found evidence of influenza antibodies in penguin blood.
Kang's primary research focuses on designing and developing effective vaccines against viral diseases such as influenza virus
and RSV, but he partnered with a university and research institutes in South Korea that wanted international collaborative projects to study if ginseng can be used to improve health and protect against disease because of the potential benefit in fighting these viruses.