care

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CARE

(Cooperative for Assistance and Relief Everywhere), nonprofit, nonsectarian federation of agencies devoted to channeling relief and self-help materials to needy people in foreign countries. Organized in the United States (1945) to help war-ravaged Europe, CARE soon expanded its program to include developing nations in Asia, Africa, and Latin America. Famous for its "CARE packages" of food and other necessities, CARE in now also involved in population, health care, land management, and small economic activity. It is now an international organization with 10 member countries and headquarters in Brussels.

care

  1. the work involved in supporting people who, because of physical frailty chronic illness or other forms of incapacity and disability, are incapable of leading an autonomous existence.
  2. other kinds of carework, e.g. in child-rearing (see CHILD CARE) and DOMESTIC LABOUR. This should be distinguished from care in sense 1.
Care in sense 1 operates over a wide range of social relations. A clear dividing line can be drawn between formal and informal care (see Abrams, 1978) as it exists in contemporary industrial societies. Formal care refers to services provided by agents of organization (statutory, voluntary and/or private) to people within clearly defined categories of need. Informal care is personally directed towards certain people who have a social relationship with their carer - usually a family member, and most often a spouse (Parker, 1993), or female relative.

Feminist sociologists (see also FEMINISM) have had a major impact on the understanding of care and caring relationships. They have argued that caring is ‘a gendered concept’ and that women constitute the majority of carers both informally, in the private sphere, and as low-paid care workers (‘care assistants’) in the formal sector (Finch and Groves, 1982; Ungerson, 1987; Lewis and Meredith, 1988). Studies of caring have examined the complex reasons why women care and the particular problems and difficulties they face. Social policies involving decarceration and COMMUNITY CARE, the decline of neighbour-hood and COMMUNITY associated with increasing SOCIAL (and geographical) MOBILITY, have placed an increasing burden on individual women carers. There is some evidence that women are reluctant to enter caring relationships with female relatives but lack viable alternatives (Cotterill, 1994). Recent research using data from the 1980 British General Household Survey has also pointed to the significant contribution made by male carers, particularly men who care for their wives (Arber and Gilbert, 1989).

care, custody, and control

Describes a standard exclusion in liability insurance policies. Under this exclusion, the liability insurance does not apply to damage to property in the care or custody of the insured, or to damage to property over which the insured is for any purpose exercising physical control.

CARE

agency devoted to channeling relief to needy people abroad. [Am. Hist.: NCE, 456]

care

in (or into) care Social welfare made the legal responsibility of a local authority by order of a court
References in periodicals archive ?
Unsurprisingly, research shows that childcare arrangements differ by the type of schedule the mother works, with informal care, including fathers and grandmothers, being much more common when mothers work nonstandard hours.
EUR 8346), although differences were not statically significant, with the exception for informal care within the Robust profile.
(iv) Informal care refers to unpaid caregivers providing constant care and support.
The researchers find that positive shocks to house prices significantly increase homeowners' use of both paid home health care and unpaid informal care. They do not find any effect on utilization of nursing home care.
Also, caregiving cost incurred by productivity loss and informal care time were not taken into account because caregivers were mostly patients' relatives.
We combined a targeted literature review and a descriptive selected country analysis of: (1) public- and private funding; (2) informal care and externalities; and (3) the possible role of technology in increasing productivity.
* participants identified that services such as Meals on Wheels and adult day programs would be beneficial to both the informal care provider and the care recipient.
Home based care services and community services (informal care, formal care, and meal-on-wheels) were also collected at 3 and 12 months.
If we as a society really believe that earning a living is a trivial thing for family caregivers, then we need to put our money where our shaming is and create a special pension program for caregivers, to ensure that they can support a decent standard of living while giving up paid work in order to provide informal care. If we're not willing to fork over that cash, or the equivalent in paid or volunteer caregiver support services, then we need to do what we can to fix our working caregiving shaming culture.
Insurers, distributors and retail financial professionals have responded by focusing even more than in the past on the importance of supporting providers of informal care, and less on specific financing vehicles.
After the death of his wife Nicola, Jamie Rogers wanted to find a solution which would help the informal care network such as family and friends deal with the day-to-day complications of caring for a loved one.

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