There may be some possibility of placement of extra sensors which will result in spatial redundancy, temporal redundancy or information redundancy (Daniel-Ioan et al., 2009).
There are different categories of Redundancy such as Spatial Redundancy, Temporal Redundancy and Information Redundancy. In the proposed work, the physical Redundancy is considered.
And the neighbour who has the token will do a feature level detection, collecting the atomic road condition messages (contains the speed, accelerator, and brake frequency) within the scope of communication and with a fuzzy clustering-based message aggregation approach to decrease the information redundancy by extracting abnormal information.
The main purpose of the low level fusion is to decrease the huge information redundancy and abstract the crucial traffic jam evidence for high level fusion.
However, in general, there are three major types of redundancies: hardware redundancy, information redundancy, and temporal redundancy.
Information redundancy which is implemented by sending extra information with data uses different error correcting and error detecting schemes.
In our algorithm, we integrate three low-complexity and high-performance approaches in a deeply coupled manner to remove the spatial redundancy, spectral redundancy, and bit information redundancy
This renders comprehensive data center physical security and information redundancy
at multiple locations an absolute must.
The principle concept behind the proposed scheme is the introduction of information redundancy
mechanism through a linear network coding approach  over TCP segments.
To do this there is a need for additional information redundancy
For information redundancy
, the tags can be laser-etched so information is easily readable with the naked eye.
Topics include a scheme to reduce packet loss during PMIPv6 handover, eliminating information redundancy
from data backup systems, symbolic proof of limits of functions in Mathematica, estimating the maximum hidden vertex set in polygons, and a fast N-dimensional Hilbert mapping algorithm.