information storage and retrieval

information storage and retrieval,

the systematic process of collecting and cataloging data so that they can be located and displayed on request. Computerscomputer,
device capable of performing a series of arithmetic or logical operations. A computer is distinguished from a calculating machine, such as an electronic calculator, by being able to store a computer program (so that it can repeat its operations and make logical
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 and data processing techniques have made possible the high-speed, selective retrieval of large amounts of information for government, commercial, and academic purposes. There are several basic types of information-storage-and-retrieval systems. Document-retrieval systems store entire documents, which are usually retrieved by title or by key words associated with the document. In some systems, the text of documents is stored as data. This permits full text searching, enabling retrieval on the basis of any words in the document. In others, a digitized image of the document is stored, usually on a write-once optical disc. Database systems store the information as a series of discrete records that are, in turn, divided into discrete fields (e.g., name, address, and phone number); records can be searched and retrieved on the basis of the content of the fields (e.g., all people who have a particular telephone area code). The data are stored within the computer, either in main storage or auxiliary storage, for ready access. Reference-retrieval systems store references to documents rather than the documents themselves. Such systems, in response to a search request, provide the titles of relevant documents and frequently their physical locations. Such systems are efficient when large amounts of different types of printed data must be stored. They have proven extremely effective in libraries, where material is constantly changing.

Bibliography

See A. Ishikawa, Future Computer and Information Systems (1986).

References in periodicals archive ?
com), a leader in information storage and retrieval, today announced that Breece Hill and Pictron have jointly validated a complete integrated video acquisition media asset management and archive solution.
com), a leader in information storage and retrieval for small-to-medium size businesses (SMB) and workgroups, today announced expanded function and features for their award winning iStoRA integrated disk-to-disk-to-tape appliance.
Breece Hill LLC, a leader in information storage and retrieval for small to midsize businesses and workgroups, today announced that Access Distribution will begin distributing the company's full line of tape automation and integrated information storage appliances.
The iStoRA 4000, based on Breece Hill's Information Storage and Retrieval Architecture, is a 4U rack-mountable, combined-media data protection system for complete data management.
com) manufactures innovative and cost-effective information storage and retrieval solutions, including the ISTORA 4000(TM) D2D2T storage appliance family, Integrity(TM) Storage Management Software, tape autoloaders and libraries, and MaxOptix(TM) Magneto-Optical (MO) drives and media.
The iStoRA 4000, based on Breece Hill's Information Storage and Retrieval Architecture, combines disk, tape and software to deliver a 4U rackmountable data protection and management appliance for backup, recovery and archival.
Based on Breece Hill's Information Storage and Retrieval Architecture, the iStoRA 4000 is a 4U rack mountable, data protection appliance featuring a 1.
The iStoRA 4000, based on Breece Hill's Information Storage and Retrieval Architecture, is a 4U rackmountable, combined-media data protection appliance for backup, recovery and archival.
Breece Hill will support Sony's AIT-4 technology as it becomes available, and plans to extend the SAIT technology to its Information Storage and Retrieval (iStoRA(TM)) product line later this year.
Howard Myers, GMSI Senior Vice President, projected, "The rapid expansion of information storage and retrieval needs within our client's domain provided the vision to address the storage market.
Medical professionals attending the Radiological Society of North America's 86th annual scientific assembly will learn how new information storage and retrieval technology can allow them to simultaneously acquire, store, distribute and review medical images, electronic medical records, educational videos, and other medical data, helping to save time, cost, and lives.
0 are mid-tier businesses looking for complete, standalone information storage and retrieval solutions, and Fortune 1000 departments looking for a departmental information storage & retrieval component to complement their enterprise information management system.
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