foramen

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foramen

a natural hole, esp one in a bone through which nerves and blood vessels pass

foramen

[fə′rā·mən]
(biology)
A small opening, orifice, pore, or perforation.
References in periodicals archive ?
Gupta et al., "Anatomical study of the infraorbital foramen: a Basis for Successful Infraorbital Nerve Block," Clinical Anatomy, vol.
The infraorbital foramen can be seen as an opening on the maxillary bone through which the infraorbital nerve and vessels emerge (Figure 4(b)).
It exits onto the front of the maxilla through the infraorbital foramen. At this very point, the maxillary division is now known as the infraorbital nerve.
(a) For the patients with dentulous jaws, the insertion location of the installation was at the palatal top of the alveolar crest between the first and the second molars; for the patients with edentulous jaws, the insertion location of the installation was 5 mm to the palatal side from the point of the intersection of the vertical line going through the infraorbital foramen and the top of alveolar crest.
The study of the infraorbital foramen is significant in local anaesthesia procedures, in maxillofacial surgeries and consequently in protection against procedural neurovascular injuries.
* infraorbital foramen to incisal point (IF-IP) (Figure 1).
Additionally, we also measured the following, which were described and figured by Voss and Angermann (1997): BP4, breadth of P4; HIF, height of infraorbital foramen; BNA, breadth of nasal aperture; DI, depth of incisor; BIT, breadth of incisor tips.
(2) The infraorbital nerve can be injured during a Caldwell-Luc procedure when the facial flap is elevated at the point where the nerve exits the infraorbital foramen. Cadaver studies have demonstrated that this foramen is located approximately 6.1 to 7.2 mm from the inferior orbital rim.
First, do a regional block by injecting 0.5 cc of 2% lidocaine into the infraorbital foramen, but do not "load up" on lidocaine.
The infraorbital foramen (IOF) is located on the maxillary bone about 1cm inferior to the infraorbital margin [1].
The canal passes downward and medially below the infraorbital foramen [9, 10] and then along the narial margin giving off neurovascular branches, forming a dental plexus in the alveolus supplying the anterior teeth.