Seed mortality intensity was assessed for each infructescence
by using the number of attacked seeds in a given infructescence
and the total number of seeds in that same infructescence
The water extract, ethyl acetate extract and methanol extract obtained from Platycarya strobilacea infructescence
showed antioxidant activity, the ethyl acetate fraction of Holarrhena pubescens showed antioxidant activity (70%) [31, 36].
It is possible that the result may be explained because the authors consider of complete infructescence
(unpeeled fruits) in the percentage of the pulp yield, unlike the present work, which considered the fruits without peel.
a) Natural meadow, b) apical section of horizontal rhizome, c) vertical stem, d) inflorescence partly wrapped by leaf sheaths, e) inflorescence with two flowers, four peltate stigmas are seen between the two reniform anthers of the distal flower, f-g) infructescence
with curved stalk, h-i) infructescence
with ovoid fruits without pedicle.
Notes: At the first glance, the infructescence
of the new species, A.
Chen, "Optimizing ultrasonic ellagic acid extraction conditions from infructescence
of platycarya strobilacea using response surface methodology," Molecules, vol.
We describe the agonistic interaction between the opossum and a bat of the species Artibeus lituratus while they foraged on the same infructescences
of Cecropia glaziovii and C.
Compared to Ziemupe in plants from Uzava seeds were more firmly attached to the infructescence
, which suggests that the fruits were less mature.
Arthropod communities in Proteaceae infructescences
: seasonal variation and the influence of infructescence
Over three years, the number of seeds per infructescence
averaged 518 (SE 29.01).
This final stage ended with dispersal of the last fruit in the infructescence
. To determine duration (in days) of each floral stage, any damaged capitulum was replaced by another healthy reproductive structure at about the same stage of development, so that further stages could be followed.