Inhalation

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Related to inhalation injury: Smoke inhalation injury

inhalation

[‚in·ə′lā·shən]
(physiology)
The process of breathing in.

Inhalation

 

a method of introducing medicinal substances into the body by means of inhaling. The medicinal substances are used in the form of vapor, gas, or aerosols (fumes and aqueous or oily mist). Special inhalers create the proper degree of disintegration of substances (the smaller the particles, the deeper they penetrate into the respiratory tract); the steam or compressed air draws the medicine into its stream and atomizes it. The medicinal substance enters the respiratory tract through a cone or mask that covers the nose and mouth. The temperature of the inhaled vapor is about 45°C. Inhalers may be stationary or portable.

Alkalis, dissolved sulfamide preparations, antibiotics, and other medications are introduced by the inhalation method. Inhalation is prescribed predominantly in inflammatory diseases of the respiratory organs. Oily inhalation (most often of vegetable oil with menthol) is used for therapeutic and prophylactic purposes; a thin, oily film is formed on the mucosa of the upper respiratory tract, which inhibits absorption of various toxic substances and promotes their expectoration. Inhalatoriums are created to provide inhalation procedures for large groups (for example, workers in chemical and cement plants, miners). Inhalation of medicinal substances is called artificial inhalation, and breathing healthful sea, forest, or mountain air is called natural inhalation.

REFERENCE

Eidel’shtein, S. I. Osnovy aerozol’terapii. Moscow, 1967.

M. M. FILJPPOV

References in periodicals archive ?
In conclusion, the detection of mucosal changes by flexible bronchoscope has great value in the diagnosis of inhalation injury without any complications and it should be incorporated into routine clinical practice.
3% of over 1 200 patients had assault burns, they were associated with a higher frequency of inhalation injury, a larger size of third-degree burns and a longer intubation period, indicating a more severe clinical course than accidental burns.
Endotracheal aspirates were taken if the patients had inhalation injury, entubation and pneumonia is suspected.
This includes fibre-optic bronchoscopes for the diagnosis and treatment of inhalation injury and other pulmonary disorders as well as equipment to measure weight and body temperature.
The diagnosis of smoke inhalation injury is based on clinical findings such as singed nasal hairs, intraoral soot, and signs of respiratory distress, including stridor, hoarseness, drooling, and dysphagia.
The decision to utilize the Burn Flight Team is based upon criteria similar to that outlined by the American Burn Association for burn center admission and includes the severity of burn injury, presence of inhalation injury, and other associated injuries.
From an inhalation injury, he suffered pneumonia, a collapsed lung, and adult respiratory distress syndrome.
The total length of stay (LOS) expected for this inhalation injury patient is 14 to 21 days in contrast to only 0 to 1 day of acute care for the smoke inhalation patient without inhalation injury.
Said Muganza, 'If anyone has less than that without smoke inhalation injury (smoke inhalation is primarily a factor in adult cases) and we use what's available with skin substitutes, then our capacity is comparable with anything overseas.
The presence of inhalation injury is an indication for fluid resuscitation.