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Related to inhalation injury: Smoke inhalation injury


The process of breathing in.



a method of introducing medicinal substances into the body by means of inhaling. The medicinal substances are used in the form of vapor, gas, or aerosols (fumes and aqueous or oily mist). Special inhalers create the proper degree of disintegration of substances (the smaller the particles, the deeper they penetrate into the respiratory tract); the steam or compressed air draws the medicine into its stream and atomizes it. The medicinal substance enters the respiratory tract through a cone or mask that covers the nose and mouth. The temperature of the inhaled vapor is about 45°C. Inhalers may be stationary or portable.

Alkalis, dissolved sulfamide preparations, antibiotics, and other medications are introduced by the inhalation method. Inhalation is prescribed predominantly in inflammatory diseases of the respiratory organs. Oily inhalation (most often of vegetable oil with menthol) is used for therapeutic and prophylactic purposes; a thin, oily film is formed on the mucosa of the upper respiratory tract, which inhibits absorption of various toxic substances and promotes their expectoration. Inhalatoriums are created to provide inhalation procedures for large groups (for example, workers in chemical and cement plants, miners). Inhalation of medicinal substances is called artificial inhalation, and breathing healthful sea, forest, or mountain air is called natural inhalation.


Eidel’shtein, S. I. Osnovy aerozol’terapii. Moscow, 1967.


References in periodicals archive ?
Endotracheal aspirates were taken if the patients had inhalation injury, entubation and pneumonia is suspected.
4) Severe burns require intensive monitoring during the resuscitative phase, especially with evidence of inhalation injury.
They stay longer at hospitals because their higher incidence of chemical-related inhalation injury requires intense respiratory care and longer ventilator usage (33 vs.
CASE FACTS: On January 12, 2000, Jason Vede was involved in an automobile accident in which he sustained burns to eighteen percent of his body as well as a severe inhalation injury.
We conducted a retrospective chart review to identify predictors of respiratory distress in patients who present with smoke inhalation injury.
At this stage of the investigation and contrary to initial reports, no individual was overcome by chemical vapour and no individual suffered inhalation injury.
They describe the pathophysiology of burns, the basics of evaluation, resuscitation and treatment, wound care, antibiotics, control of wound sepsis, nutrition, inhalation injury, general nonburn inpatient wound care, care of toxic epidermal necrolysis syndrome, electrical and chemical burns, and pediatric burn management.