Inhibitor

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inhibitor

[in′hib·əd·ər]
(aerospace engineering)
A substance bonded, taped, or dip-dried onto a solid propellant to restrict the burning surface and to give direction to the burning process.
(chemistry)
A substance which is capable of stopping or retarding a chemical reaction; to be technically useful, it must be effective in low concentration.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Inhibitor

 

a circuit having m + n inputs and a single output, at which a signal can appear only when there are no signals on the m inputs (inhibiting). The other n inputs (principal) form one of the two logic connections, “AND” or “OR.” Inhibitors are used extensively in computers. They are very often understood to be a circuit having a single principal input and a single inhibiting input. A signal appears at the output of such a circuit when a signal is present on the principal input but there is none on the inhibiting input. Such an inhibitor is called an anticoincidence gate; its conventional representation is given in Figure 1.

Figure 1. Block diagram of an anticoincidence gate (inhibitor) with m — 1 and n 1:(A) principal input, (Q) inhibiting input, (Ga) anticoincidence gate

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

inhibitor

A substance added to paint to retard drying, skinning, mildew growth, etc. Also see corrosion inhibitor, inhibiting pigment, drying inhibitor.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
It was difficult to inhibit cancer stem cells only by targeting single pathway or mechanism.
Activation of interferon regulatory factor 3 is inhibited by the influenza A virus NS1 protein.
This inhibited many students from seeking out mediation because of a common belief that unless the mediator was someone of one's cultural or racial background they would not be fair.
Aspirin, which inhibits the production of prosatagiandin E-2, was anti-mdnogenic in some studies.
Domingo is the fourth judge who inhibited from hearing De Lima's case.
"Improved knowledge about which molecules promote or inhibit the formation of blood vessels in the body, and the mechanisms by which they operate, is accordingly a research goal," Olsson added.
Roscovitine inhibits some of the kinases that play a role in PKD.
As noted above, subjects given 0.04 mg/kg per day for 6 months and 9.2 mg/kg per day for 4 weeks--doses that certainly would inhibit thyroid iodide uptake for a few weeks--had no decrease in serum thyroid hormone or increase in serum thyrotropin concentrations (the hallmark of even mild hypothyroidism).
This patent protects the company's intellectual property interests with regard to certain molecules that inhibit cancer progression characterized by abnormal vascularization.
The old NSAIDs inhibit two kinds of enzymes COX-1 (that protect the stomach and kidneys) and COX-2 (transmit pain messages and contribute to inflammation).
Effective March 20, 2000, the USDA Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) is increasing the permissible levels of several food ingredients used to inhibit the growth of certain pathogens or used as flavor enhancers.