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The distribution of nerves to a part.
The amount of nerve stimulation received by a part.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the supply of nerves to organs and tissues, which provides for their communication with the central nervous system (CNS).

A distinction is made between afferent (centripetal) and efferent (centrifugal) innervation. Signals about the condition of an organ and the processes taking place in it are perceived by sensitive nerve endings (receptors) and transmitted to the CNS over the centripetal fibers. The responses that regulate the functioning of the organs are transmitted along the centrifugal nerves, enabling the CNS to keep regulating and altering the activity of organs and tissues in accordance with the body’s requirements. The function-regulating role of the CNS is different for different organs. In some organs (for example, in skeletal muscle or salivary gland) the signals from the CNS determine their entire activity, so that complete disconnection from the CNS, or denervation, results in atrophy of the organ involved. Some organs (for example, the heart and intestine) can act under the influence of impulses originating in the organs themselves. In these cases, denervation does not result in atrophy but only limits, to some extent, the adaptive reactions, which persist both because of humoral regulation and because of the presence of a nervous system within the organ.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Innervate CEO Andy Startin said: "The Bahrain Economic Development Board, Fintech Bay, Microsoft and the Department of UK Trade and Industry have truly been inspirational partners to help get our venture off the ground in Bahrain."
Innervate's Business Development Director Arun Murria added: "Over the past few months, Team Bahrain worked with us and gave us the confidence to decide on Bahrain.
DSN neuropathy may present on a spectrum from complete function to complete atrophy of the muscles it innervates. This spectrum would include varying levels of: pain intensity and character along a portion of or its entire pathway; and tightness and weakness in the muscles it innervates.
For example, cerebral neuron 1 (C1) is a serotonergic neuron that projects through the cerebral-buccal connective to innervate the buccal ganglion, but also projects via buccal nerves to the buccal musculature (Fig.
A simpler procedure is to have Botox injections which switch off the nerves that innervate the sweat glands.
Since the facial nerve/nucleus contain the fibers that innervate the ipsilateral facial muscles, a lesion of the nucleus/nerve will impair all the ipsilateral facial musculature.
In order for both eyes to look up at the same time, both riMLFs send out axons to innervate the superior rectus and the inferior oblique motoneurons.
Although there is no data in cardiac function and anal intercourse, rectal stimulation may innervate the vagus nerve.
The first of a series of FinTech events held in partnership with Andra Public Relations & Corporate Communications, Capital Club and Innervate Technology Solutions UK, took place at the club's Bahrain Financial Harbour venue attracting an audience of more than 50.