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the manifestation of something new in constructive human activity, an expression of human creative capabilities in labor.

Socialism opens the way to the free manifestation of human creative capabilities and talents and to innovation on a mass scale. “The awareness that they work for themselves and their society and not for exploiters inspires the working people with labor enthusiasm; it encourages their effort for innovation, their creative initiative, and mass socialist emulation” (Programma KPSS, 1973, p. 15).

Labor innovation has enormous socioeconomic importance as an inexhaustible source of increased labor productivity and accelerated scientific and technical progress. It is a source of socialist emulation, particularly of its highest form, namely, the movement for a communist attitude toward labor. Innovation stimulates an increase in the cultural and technical sophistication of the working people and a rise in their qualifications.

Innovation plays an important part in strengthening the ties between science and production, and it presupposes the active application of all theoretical and practical knowledge developed in any given field and in all related fields. Innovation provides the material from which new theoretical knowledge is worked out and promotes the development of science, technology, and production.

The history of innovation in Soviet industry is inseparably linked to the emergence of the shock worker movement. During the first five-year plans, efficiency brigades and technical independence brigades sought to master new types of production that would make possible a reduction in the import of industrial goods and a speedup in technical reequipment of enterprises. An important stage in the development of innovation is associated with the name of A. Stakhanov. The Stakhanovite movement of 1935 brought with it a new way of organizing labor that included streamlined production processes, correct distribution of labor in production, freeing of skilled workers from lower-level jobs, and improved shop organization. During the Great Patriotic War of 1941–45 and the early postwar years, the innovator-expert (novator-skorostnik) movement was very important.

Socialist innovation is currently developing under conditions of the scientific and technological revolution, the enormous transforming influence of which develops the worker’s creativity. The initiatives toward innovation taken during the 1960’s and 1970’s have been increasingly characterized by collectivism, as when innovation is expressed in patriotic initiatives taken by labor collectives of enterprises and entire national economic sectors, as well as by cities, oblasts, and republics. Among the initiatives that have become widespread in recent years are those taken by the Saratov machine-building workers to turn out defect-free products (1963), by the workers of Sverdlovsk and Rybinsk to introduce scientific organization of labor (1967), and by the workers of the West Siberian Metallurgical Plant to achieve planned capacities ahead of schedule (1968). Mass technical innovation, invention, and enhanced efficiency represent powerful levers for further raising social productivity in industry, agriculture, construction, transportation, and services.

The creative initiative of the working people has given rise to such new forms for the organization and development of innovation as councils of innovators, public design and production engineering bureaus, and comprehensive complex brigades that are now common at enterprises. The All-Union Society of Inventors and Rationalizers, which had more than 6.5 million members in 1973, does much to develop the movement toward innovation. Along with scientists and engineering and technical personnel, many worker-innovators take an active part in the work of scientific and technical societies. Developing innovation and the mass technical creativity of the working people is an important task of all economic organs and of trade union and Komsomol organizations. Organizational and ideological work by the CPSU is of decisive importance in the development of innovation. The party is constantly exhorting the masses to active creative work and struggling to establish within the collective an atmosphere of creativity and of intolerance for conservatism and stagnation. This is one of the main sources of the strength of socialist innovation.


Materialy XXIV s”ezda KPSS. Moscow, 1971.
Novatory (collection). Moscow, 1972.
Sotsialisticheskoe sorevnovanie ν promyshlennosti SSSR. Moscow, 1973.

B. K. ZLOBIN [18–113—4]

References in periodicals archive ?
This paper examines the impact of new technology on profits, emphasizing three implications: 1) understanding the role of innovational profits in total profits; 2) identifying the impact of innovation in stock market returns; and 3) gaining greater understanding of technology's wealth effect on aggregate demand, as defined by Federal Reserve Chairman Alan Greenspan (which Nordhaus labels the "Greenspan effect").
Sadeq Hedayat's innovational use of the common man as tragic hero, his introduction of colloquial speech into Persian prose, and his sympathetic rendering of characters have justly positioned him as the foremost fiction writer of his age.
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Many of these public enterprises are showing a remarkable amount of entrepreneurial and innovational spirit.
The single largest year drop of 19 points in the rating for Kuwait from 1990 to 1991 (the so-called innovational outlier) was successfully captured by the unusually large negative of -19.
The Scottish Parliament can do more than the Welsh Assembly, and there's more innovational policy coming from Scotland,'' she says.
The olims in the book -- who are religiously and spiritually all over the lot -- often speak prophetically too, and with bracing loyalty to the Ignatian spirit, which was from the beginning innovational and politically incorrect.
180) Governor William Denny of Pennsylvania, for example, profited by his innovational supplying of Frenchmen and flags of truce to merchant ships; this allowed the merchantmen to enter enemy ports for the ostensible purpose of trading prisoners of war.
The ever popular Innovation Zone feature, sponsored by Innova Market Insights, will showcase a selection of top exhibitors' new and innovational products.
2012): "Platform-based Innovation Management: Directing External Innovational Efforts in Platform Ecosystems", Journal of the Knowledge Economy, 1-21.
OL (organizational learning) is the reflection of high intelligence and ability of productivity learning innovational performance organizational entrepreneurial culture figure1 : model of 3variables in current research that is the result of existing opportunities and commitment to continuous improvement in the organization [5].
The signed agreement envisages the implementation of joint programs, aimed at boosting the volume of Rosneft procurements from small and medium enterprises, among other things of high-technology and innovational production.

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