inositol


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inositol

(ĭnō`sĭtōl): see vitaminvitamin,
group of organic substances that are required in the diet of humans and animals for normal growth, maintenance of life, and normal reproduction. Vitamins act as catalysts; very often either the vitamins themselves are coenzymes, or they form integral parts of coenzymes.
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Inositol

The generic name for hexahydroxycyclohexanes, which are classified as carbohydrates. The inositols have exceptional chemical stability and are easily crystallized. Of the forms common in nature, the most ubiquitous and biologically important is myoinositol, a water-soluble crystalline compound. Many biological functions require myoinositol, and thus it is identified as an essential metabolite. Although originally classified as a vitamin, myoinositol is now known to be a cellular precursor of phospholipids that serve as a source of metabolic regulators and as membrane anchors for certain proteins. Some microorganisms require exogenous myoinositol for growth. See Carbohydrate, Lipid

Inositol

 

(hexahydroxycyclohexane), a cyclic hexatomic alcohol. It exists in nine possible stereoisomeric forms, of which only myoinositol (meso-inositol) exhibits vitamin properties.

Inositol is a sweet-tasting solid substance with a melting point of 225°–227°C and a molecular weight of 180.2. Readily soluble in water and insoluble in organic solvents, it is widely distributed in plants, generally in the form of phytic acid and its calcium-magnesium salt (Phytin). Inositol is an essential growth factor for certain microorganisms. The human daily requirement of inositol is approximately 1–1.5 g. Like choline, inositol exhibits lipotropic properties; in particular, it prevents adiposis of the liver when there is a protein deficiency in the diet.

inositol

[i′näs·ə‚tȯl]
(organic chemistry)
C6H6(OH)6·2H2O A water-soluble alcohol often grouped with the vitamins; there are nine stereoisomers of hexahydroxycyclohexane, and the only one of biological importance is optically inactive meso-inositol, comprising white crystals, widely distributed in animals and plants; it serves as a growth factor for animals and microorganisms.
References in periodicals archive ?
As we decipher the inositol polyphosphate signaling code, we open up the prospect of being able to reprogram metabolism and make algae better producers of oil or other high value carbon-rich compounds.
Of the known P-containing species in soils, molar C: P ratios vary from 1:1 for the inositol hexakisphosphates to around 10:1 for nucleic acids and nucleotides to around 40: 1 for phospholipids.
4-glucopyranosyl inositol, 1-tartaric acid derivative [42] enzyme aided inositol derivative [43], 1,3,5-tribenboyl-inositol [44], Inositol monophosphate IPIP(1) [43,45,46]; Inositol bisphophate IP2-IP2(5,6) [47], IP2(3,4) [47]; Inositol tris phosphateIP3-IP3(1,4,5) [44,48-50,45-65],IP3(1,4,5) analogue [57-63,64], IP3(1,3,4) [54], IP3(2,4,5) [45,65], IP3 (3,4,5) [58,66,67] IP3(2,4,5) [51,55],IP3(1,4,6) [44]IP3(1,4,6) [60], IP3(1,3,4) [60], IP3(1,2-cyclic 4,5 [47,54], IP3(1,4,5) phsphofluoridate [62,63],unsaturated IP3(3,4,5) [66].
Ancak bazi yayinlarda enerji icecegi tuketimi sonrasi gelisen psikiyatrik semptomlar, iceriginde bulunan taurin, inositol vs.
Another strength is that the investigators focused on a compound, inositol, readily found in foods, which suggests that women could derive benefits from a diet fortified with this supplement.
In this study, the effects of the omega-3-fatty acids docosahexaenoic acid and eicosapentaenoic acid on inositol metabolism was determined by observing their effects on growth of the yeast Saccharomyces Cerevisiae in the presence and absence of inositol.
Cellular magnesium deficiency causes impaired inositol transport and inositol depletion which alter the activity of membrane bound Na-K ATPase [10,19,].
Fermentation and germination of grains have been shown to activate endogenous phytases to convert phytate to the lower inositol phosphates.
Reviews of meta-analyses, case reports, population studies, RCTs, and other literature have reported virtually no adverse effects for PUFAs; (18) trials investigating saffron, lavender, borage, dan zhi xiao yao, folate, SAMe, and inositol also reported no safety concerns.
2], trace elements, casein and inositol were made both in solid and liquid BM culture medium, but the assessment of yeast extract, peptone, vitamins and amino acids were made only in solidified BM by measuring the mycelial growth in mm [day.
We review the current research for yoga, exercise, bibliotherapy, and the dietary supplements kava and inositol for treating anxiety disorders and suggest those that warrant consideration for patients who do not respond, respond partially, or suffer from side effects from selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) or benzodiazepines.
According to Brazilian law, energy drinks are identified as ready-to-use liquid compounds, composed of taurine, caffeine, glucoronolactone, inositol, and B-complex vitamins.

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